Products with Feather Fillings: Glossary

Commercial feather

Commercial landfowl feather

"Commercial landfowl feather" refers to plumage that conforms to the following composition requirements:

  • feathers, feather fibre, down and down fibre:
    • at least 95%
  • Residue:
    • not more than 5%
  • "Plumage" means the outer covering of birds.
  • "Landfowl plumage" means the plumage of chickens, turkeys or other landfowl.
  • "Feather" refers to the external horny structure that forms the body covering of birds and consists of a quill point, quill shaft and vanes, with or without an aftershaft.
  • "Feather fibre" means feather barbs that have been completely separated from the quill shaft and any aftershaft and that are not joined or attached to each other.
  • "Down" refers to the undercoating of waterfowl, including goose, duck or swan, consisting of light fluffy filaments (barbs) growing from a quill point but without a quill shaft.
  • "Plumule" means waterfowl plumage with underdeveloped soft and flaccid quill and with barbs indistinguishable from those of down.
  • "Down fibre" means detached barbs from down and plumules or from the basal end of a feather quill shaft that are indistinguishable from the barbs of down.
  • "Residue" means quill pith, feather fragments, trash and foreign matter.

Commercial waterfowl feather

"Commercial waterfowl feather" refers to plumage that conforms to the following composition requirements:

  • Waterfowl feathers, waterfowl feather fibre, down and down fibre:
    • at least 95%
  • Residue (including landfowl feather and landfowl feather fibre):
    • not more than 5%
  • "Plumage" means the outer covering of birds.
  • "Waterfowl plumage" means the plumage of ducks, geese, swans or other waterfowl.
  • "Feather" refers to the external horny structure that forms the body covering of birds and consists of a quill point, quill shaft and vanes, with or without an aftershaft.
  • "Feather fibre" means feather barbs that have been completely separated from the quill shaft and any aftershaft and that are not joined or attached to each other.
  • "Down" refers to the undercoating of waterfowl, including goose, duck or swan, consisting of light fluffy filaments (barbs) growing from a quill point but without a quill shaft.
  • "Plumule" means waterfowl plumage with underdeveloped soft and flaccid quill and with barbs indistinguishable from those of down.
  • "Down fibre" means detached barbs from down and plumules or from the basal end of a feather quill shaft that are indistinguishable from the barbs of down.
  • "Landfowl plumage" means the plumage of chickens, turkeys or other landfowl.
  • "Residue" means quill pith, feather fragments, trash and foreign matter.

Feather

"Feather" refers to the individual external horny structure that forms the body covering of birds and consists of a quill point, quill shaft and vanes, with or without an aftershaft.


Stated bird of origin

Whenever a statement as to the bird of origin of feathers is made, the plumage must be at least 90% from the stated bird. For example, if a label refers to "duck feathers", and the product contained is less than 90% duck plumage, it would be considered false and misleading.


Words or figures suggesting 100%

It is clearly misleading to label products containing commercial landfowl or commercial waterfowl feather as 100%, pure or all feather. In fact, tolerances are incorporated by definition in the Regulations, due to the practical commercial difficulty of obtaining "pure" feathers. Use of these words is therefore prohibited on these products. Only when feather meets the generic definition (an unlikely situation) can the modifiers "100%", "pure" or "all" be used.

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