Textile Labelling Act
The Textile Labelling Act is a regulatory statute. It requires that consumer textile articles bear accurate and meaningful labelling information to help consumers make informed purchasing decisions. The Act prohibits the making of false or misleading representations and sets out specifications for mandatory label information such as the generic name of each fibre present and the dealer's full name and postal address or a CA identification number. The Act allows designated inspectors to: enter any place at any reasonable time; examine textile fibre products, open packages, examine and make copies of documents or papers; and seize products, labelling, packaging or advertising material which do not conform with the Act and Regulations.
Paragraph 3(a) prohibits a dealer from selling, importing or advertising a prescribed consumer textile article unless it bears a label stating the fibre content of the article. Paragraph 3(b) requires that this label be applied in accordance with all applicable provisions of the Act. Paragraph 6(b) requires that each label containing a representation with respect to the fibre content show the identity of the dealer.
Section 4 prohibits making any representation with respect to the advertising of the textile fibre content of a consumer textile article unless it is made in accordance with the Regulations.
Subsection 5(1) prohibits the sale, importation or advertisement of a consumer textile article that has a label applied to it that contains any false or misleading representation that relates to or may reasonably be regarded as relating to the article. Subsection 5(2) prohibits the making of false or misleading representations related to textile fibre products. Subsection 5(3) provides guidance on what types of expressions, words, figures, depictions, descriptions or symbols may be considered to be false or misleading representations.
Offence and punishment — Every dealer who contravenes any of section 3, 4 or 5 is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of up to $5,000 on summary conviction, or to a fine of up to $10,000 upon indictment. Every person who contravenes any provision of the Act, other than section 3, 4 or 5, or of the Regulations is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of up to $1,000 and/or imprisonment up to six months on summary conviction, or to a fine of up to $3,000 and/or imprisonment up to one year upon indictment.
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