Competition Bureau—The Acts we enforce
Q1 - What is the Competition Act?
The Competition Act is a federal law governing business conduct in Canada, and its aim is to promote competition in the marketplace. The Act makes certain activities illegal, such as agreements among competitors to fix prices. The Commissioner of Competition enforces the Act.
Q2 - What is the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act?
The Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act requires that pre-packaged consumer products bear accurate and meaningful labelling information to help consumers make informed purchasing decisions. The Act prohibits false or misleading representations and sets out specifications for mandatory label information such as the product's name, net quantity and dealer identity.
Q3 - What is the Textile Labelling Act?
The Textile Labelling Act requires that consumer textile articles bear accurate and meaningful labelling information to help consumers make informed purchasing decisions. The Act prohibits false or misleading representations and sets out specifications for mandatory label information such as the generic name of each fibre present and the dealer's full name and postal address or a CA identification number.
Q4 -What is the Precious Metals Marking Act?
The Precious Metals Marking Act provides for the uniform description and quality marking of articles made with gold, silver, platinum or palladium to help consumers make informed purchasing decisions. The Act prohibits markings that do not truly and correctly indicate precious metal content.
Q5 - What role does the Bureau play?
The Bureau investigates anti‑competitive activities and promotes competition. It does not set prices or regulate businesses.
The Bureau investigates suspected anti‑competitive behaviour, which may violate the Competition Act. If, after investigation of a criminal matter, the Commissioner decides that there is enough evidence, cases are turned over to the Attorney General of Canada who decides whether to prosecute in the criminal courts.
Each year, the Bureau receives numerous complaints about gasoline prices. Complaints are examined to determine whether the provisions of the Competition Act have been violated.
Q6 - Can the Competition Bureau provide information relating to complaints about specific companies?
No. Under Section 29 of the Competition Act, there are restrictions on confidentiality with regards to complaints received and examined. If you feel a representation has been deceptive or misleading you may lodge a complaint and it will be assessed. Any complaint examined by the Competition Bureau must fall within the scope of the:
- Competition Act
- Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act
- Textile Labelling Act
- Precious Metals Marking Act
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