Competition Bureau Quarterly Statistics Report for the period ending March 31, 2017

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The Competition Bureau’s quarterly reports demonstrate progress toward the Bureau’s 2015‑2018 strategic objectives, by publicly reporting on the Bureau’s performance data consistently throughout the year. This includes performance data relating to the Bureau’s enforcement, advocacy, compliance, outreach and partnerships. The Bureau’s quarterly reports set out the general performance results of each quarter and supersede all previous quarterly reports made by the Bureau (for example, Q2 will supersede Q1) relating to the content described herein. The figures contained within this report are subject to adjustments in future publications.

Further detail and analysis of the Bureau’s annual performance can be found in our annual reports.

The Commissioner has independent authority to administer and enforce the Competition Act, Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act. For cases involving criminal provisions, the Bureau seeks legal advice from the Public Prosecution Service of Canada on its investigations. When complete and sufficient evidence exists, investigations are formally referred to the Public Prosecutions of Canada for such action as warranted. The Public Prosecutions of Canada is responsible for the decision to lay charges, prosecute and discuss resolutions, including negotiating guilty pleas.

Table of contents

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Intake

The Competition Bureau receives a variety requests for information.

Table 1: Information Centre requests
1.0.1. Top 5 Complaints by business conduct (Sections of the Competition Act) 2016‑17
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
1. False or Misleading Representations 1. False or Misleading Representations 1. False or Misleading Representations 1. False or Misleading Representations 1. False or Misleading Representations
2. Abuse of Dominance 2. Abuse of Dominance 2. Abuse of Dominance 2. Abuse of Dominance 2. Abuse of Dominance
3. Sale Above Advertised Price 3. Sale Above Advertised Price 3. Sale Above Advertised Price 3. Deceptive Telemarketing 3. Sale Above Advertised Price
4. Deceptive Telemarketing 4. Deceptive Telemarketing 4. Deceptive Telemarketing 4. Sale Above Advertised Price 4. Deceptive Telemarketing
5. Bait and Switch Selling 5. Bait and Switch Selling / Price Fixing (tie) 5. Bait and Switch Selling / Price Fixing (tie) 5. Ordinary Selling Price Claims 5. Ordinary Selling Price Claims
Enquiries and complaints
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
The Bureau receives enquiries and complaints from members of the public via the Information Centre (primary point of entry for requests).
1.0.2. Complaints 970 672 775 1175 3592 3018 N/A The number of complaints submitted to the Bureau that relate to the Bureau’s four statutes (Competition Act, Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act).
1.0.3. Information Requests 1881 1704 1598 1814 6997 7915 N/A Number of questions submitted to the Bureau that relate to the Bureau’s four statutes (listed above) does not include written opinions.
1.0.4. Textile Labelling CA Identification Number applications 244 207 230 288 969 812 766 Canadian manufacturers, processors or finishers of a textile fibre product, and Canadians in the business of importing or selling textile fibre products, can register for a CA Identification Number. The number is issued by the Bureau upon request
1.0.5. Textile Labelling CA Identification Number Service Standard Met (%) 99% 98% 99% 96% 98% 99% N/A The service standards are 5 business days for an online application and 20 business days for an application by mail.
Table 1.1: Other requests
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
The Bureau receives media requests via the Media Relations Team.
1.1.1. Media requests 107 68 56 70 301 490 532 Number of media requests received by the Bureau.
1.1.2. Written Opinions Non‑Complex 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 Number of requests, pursuant to section 124.1 of the Competition Act, submitted to the Bureau for written opinions on the applicability of one or more provisions of the Competition Act or regulations to a proposed practice or conduct.
Complex 3 7 5 4 19 24 0
1.1.3. Written Opinion Service Standard Met (%) Non‑Complex N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 100% 100% Service standards range from two weeks to ten weeks, depending on the section of the Act and level of complexity
Complex 100% 66% 75% 0% 60% 65% N/A

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Enforcement

The Competition Bureau enforces the provisions of Canada’s Competition Act that address anti‑competitive practices and misleading advertising, as well as the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act.

Table 2.0: Enforcement — Non Merger
Measure 2016‑2017 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
Investigations
2.0.1. commenced 14 17 19 24 74 65 55 Number of investigations and compliance assessments that were commenced. Not all complaints and information requests will become investigations.
2.0.2. closed 14 11 14 22 61 64 50 Number of investigations and compliance assessments that were closed.
2.0.3. Total Ongoing 125 125 131 136 138 124 119 Number of investigations and compliance assessments ongoing at the end of the previous quarter.
Inquiries
2.0.4. commenced 5 4 2 6 17 10 8 Number of investigations for which an inquiry has been commenced pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act.
2.0.5. discontinued 2 1 2 8 13 5 4 Number of inquiries discontinued pursuant to section 22 of the Competition Act.
2.0.6. Whistleblowers 0 0 0 0 0 0 N/A Number of whistleblowers who contacted the Bureau.
2.0.7. Search warrants 0 0 11 0 11 13 42 Number of search warrants issued, including multiple orders for a single investigation.
2.0.8. Section 11 orders 156 0 6 0 162 15 19 Number of section 11 orders issued, including multiple orders for a single investigation.
2.0.9. Production orders 2 1 6 1 10 N/A N/A Number of production orders issued under the Criminal Code of Canada including multiple orders for a single investigation.
2.0.10. Immunity markers granted to applicants 2 8 16 1 27 31 20 Number of immunity markers the Cartels and Deceptive Marketing Practices Branch granted.
2.0.11. Leniency markers granted to applicants 0 0 1 0 1 12 17 Number of leniency markers the Cartels Directorate granted.

Referral stage

Following an investigation and a recommendation by the Competition Bureau, criminal matters are referred to the Public Service Prosecution of Canada for determination on the laying of charges. Competition Bureau action is contingent on the Public Prosecution Service of Canada's decision (e.g., initiating a prosecution; concurring with leniency recommendation which leads to a plea agreement and, eventually a guilty plea)

Table 2.1: Referral Stage
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
2.1.1. Recommendations for immunity made 2 0 2 N/A N/A Number of immunity recommendations made to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada reported semi‑annually.
2.1.2. Recommendation for leniency made 0 1 1 N/A N/A Number of leniency recommendations made to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada reported semi‑annually.
2.1.3. Investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada 0 0 0 2 2 2 5 Number of investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for consideration and action.
2.1.4. Investigations and leniency recommendations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada awaiting decision 6 6 6 8 8 N/A N/A Number of investigations and leniency recommendations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada awaiting decision as of the previous reporting period.
2.1.5. Investigations sent back to the Competition Bureau by the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for additional investigation 0 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A Number of investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada and returned to the Competition Bureau for further investigation.
2.1.6. Investigations where charges were not laid 0 1 0 0 1 N/A N/A Number of investigations where charges were not laid by the Bureau following Public Prosecution Service of Canada considerations.
Table 2.2: Before the Courts or Competition Tribunal
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
/
Total
2.2.1. Civil applications filed with the Competition Tribunal 1 1 0 2 4 1 N/A Number of civil applications brought by the Commissioner before the Competition Tribunal. This excludes applications to vary or rescind consent agreements or orders under sections 74.13 or 106; applications for interim orders or injunctions under sections 74.111, 103.3 or 104; and applications related to private access under section 106.1 of the Competition Act.
2.2.2. Ongoing civil applications before the Competition Tribunal 2 1 2 1 3 2 4 Number of ongoing civil applications at the end of the previous quarter before the Competition Tribunal. This excludes applications to vary or rescind consent agreements or orders under sections 74.13 or 106; applications for interim orders or injunctions under sections 74.111, 103.3 or 104; and applications related to private access under section 106.1 of the Competition Act.
2.2.3. Civil applications filed before the Courts 0 0 0 0 0 1 N/A Number of civil applications filed related to substantive investigations filed before the Courts other than the Competition Tribunal. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 of the Competition Act.
2.2.4. Ongoing civil applications before the Courts 2 1 1 1 1 14 18 Number of ongoing civil applications before the Courts other than the Competition Tribunal at the end of the previous quarter related to substantive investigations. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 of the Competition Act.
2.2.5. Individuals charged 0 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A Number of individuals criminally charged following Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
2.2.6. Companies charged 1 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A Number of companies criminally charged following Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
2.2.7. Investigations where charges were laid 1 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A Number of investigations where criminal charges were laid following Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
2.2.8. Appeals filed 1 0 0 0 1 1 N/A Number of appeals filed with a Provincial or Territorial Court of Appeal, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or the Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 or s. 106 of the Competition Act.
2.2.9. Appeals ongoing 3 4 2 1 1 0 N/A Number of appeals ongoing at the end of the previous quarter before a Provincial or Territorial Court of Appeal, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or the Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 or s. 106 of the Competition Act.
Table 2.3: Resolutions & outcomes
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
2.3.1. Alternative Case Resolutions 9 8 5 11 33 24 25 Number of Alternative Case Resolutions (ACRs) reached.
2.3.2. Registered Consent Agreements (non‑merger) 2 1 2 5 10 5 4 Number of non‑merger Consent Agreements registered with the Competition Tribunal or Courts pursuant to section 74.12 or 105 of the Competition Act.
2.3.3. Guilty pleas (non‑contested proceedings) 1 1 2 1 5 12 6 Number of guilty pleas without contested proceedings by individuals or companies for an offence under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act or the Textile Labelling Act.
2.3.4. Guilty pleas (contested proceedings) 0 0 0 1 1 N/A N/A Number of guilty pleas with contested proceedings by individuals or companies for an offence under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act or the Textile Labelling Act.
2.3.5. Convictions (excluding guilty pleas) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Number of convictions resulting from contested proceedings includes sections 65 and 66 under the Competition Act.
2.3.6. Stay of proceedings 0 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A Number of prosecutions in which the Public Prosecution Service of Canada entered a stay of proceedings.
2.3.7. Prohibition orders with conviction 0 0 1 1 2 3 0 All prohibition orders with conviction (subsection 34(1)) under the Competition Act.
2.3.8. Prohibition orders without conviction 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 All prohibition orders without conviction (subsection 34(2)) under the Competition Act.
2.3.9. Interim orders and injunctions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 All interim injunctions (section 33) and Interim Orders (s. 74.111, s. 103.3 and s. 104) under the Competition Act.
2.3.10. Total fines imposed (millions) $13 M $0.02 M $0.1 M $0.61 M $13.73 M $3.18 M $8.65 M Dollar value of fines imposed upon companies and individuals by the Courts.
2.3.11. Individuals sentenced 0 1 2 0 3 6 3 Number of individuals sentenced under the Competition Act.
2.3.12. Companies sentenced 1 0 1 2 4 6 4 Number of companies sentenced under the Competition Act.
2.3.13. Combined jail time imposed (months) 0 18 months 31 months 0 49 months 63 months 32 months Months of jail time imposed
2.3.14. Total administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) (millions) (non‑merger) $3 M $0.3 M $15 M $1 M $19.3 M $5.75 M $10 M Dollar value of AMPs imposed by the Competition Tribunal or the Courts.
2.3.15. Total restitution (millions) $11.82 M $0 $0 $0 $11.82 M $7.43 M $7.11 M Dollar value of restitution imposed by the Competition Tribunal or the Courts.
2.3.16. Orders issued by the Competition Tribunal (non‑merger) 3 0 0 0 3 2 N/A Number of orders issued (decision made) by the Competition Tribunal. Does not include Consent Agreements registered pursuant to sections 79.12 or 105 of the Competition Act or interim steps in a proceeding, but does include rescission or variation or a consent agreement under sections 74.13 or 106 of the Competition Act.

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Enforcement — Merger related matters

Under the Competition Act, mergers and proposed mergers of all sizes and in all sectors of the economy are subject to review to determine whether they have resulted, or will likely result, in a substantial lessening or prevention of competition.

Table 3.0: Enforcement — Merger Related
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
Merger Reviews
3.0.1. Commenced 64 62 55 58 239 235 255 Number of merger reviews that were opened during the period.
3.0.2. Pre‑Merger Notification filings & Advance Ruling Certificate requests 57 54 52 54 217 212 240 Number of Pre‑Merger Notifications (PMNs) filed pursuant to section 114(1) of the Competition Act and number of Advance Ruling Certificate (ARC) requests made pursuant to section 102 of the Competition Act. Includes reviews where either a PMN filing or an ARC request, or both occur.
3.0.3. Other examinations 7 8 3 4 22 23 15 Number of reviews where no PMN or ARC request was received. Includes Investment Canada, and Heritage Canada applications, complaints and reviews of non‑notifiable mergers initiated by the Mergers Directorate.
3.0.4. Concluded 74 54 52 58 238 221 245 Number of merger reviews that were completed during the period.
3.0.5. No issues under the Act 69 52 48 57 226 212 231 Number of merger reviews that were completed with no issues under the Competition Act.
3.0.6. With issues under the Act 4 2 2 1 9 7 9 Number of merger reviews that were completed with issues under the Competition Act and involve monitoring. Does not include ongoing proceedings before the Competition Tribunal.
3.0.7. Transactions abandoned for reasons unrelated to the Bureau’s position 1 0 2 0 3 2 5 Number of transactions (proposed merger) abandoned for reasons other than the Bureau’s position on the proposed merger.
3.0.8. Total Ongoing Merger Reviews 36 26 34 37 37 36 24 Number of merger reviews ongoing at the end of the previous quarter.
Inquiries
3.0.9. commenced 0 3 0 0 3 7 3 Number of inquiries commenced pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act.
3.0.10. discontinued 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 Number of inquiries discontinued pursuant to section 22 of the Competition Act.
Table 3.1: Merger related — Concluded reviews with no issues
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
3.1.1. Advanced Ruling Certificates Issued 31 29 31 25 116 83 120 Number of examinations concluded with the issuance of an Advance Ruling Certificate (ARC) pursuant to section 102 of the Competition Act.
3.1.2. No Action Letters Issued 35 22 15 24 96 113 101 Number of examinations concluded with the issuance of a No Action Letter (NAL) pursuant to section 114 of the Competition Act.
3.1.3. Other Examinations 3 1 2 8 14 16 10 Number of examinations concluded with the issuance of other communication of no current enforcement action in the case of s commenced for other reasons.
3.1.4. Total Concluded reviews (No Issues) 69 52 48 57 226 212 231 Number of merger reviews that were concluded with no issues under the Competition Act.
Table 3.2: Merger related — Concluded reviews with issues
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
3.2.1. Consent Agreements 3 2 2 1 8 7 2 Number of Consent Agreements registered with the Competition Tribunal pursuant to section 105 of the Competition Act related to mergers.
3.2.2. Transactions abandoned due to competition concerns 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 Number of proposed mergers abandoned by merging parties after being informed that the transaction raises issues under the Competition Act.
3.2.3. Alternative Case Resolutions 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 Number of reviews that raised an issue under the Competition Act but were resolved outside of proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the filing of a Consent Agreement. Includes warning letters and undertakings.
3.2.4. Section 92 reviews 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Number of s.92 reviews resolved. This includes Orders issued by the Competition Tribunal pursuant to s. 92 of the Competition Act, reviews where a s. 92 application is withdrawn, and final resolutions through the Court appeal process.
3.2.5. Total Concluded reviews (With Issues) 4 2 2 1 9 7 9 Number of merger reviews that were completed with issues under the Competition Act and involve monitoring. Does not include ongoing proceedings before the Competition Tribunal.
Table 3.3: Merger related — Other
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
3.3.1. Proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 Number of proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts. Includes ongoing section 92 matters and other matters before the Competition Tribunal (such as section 100 and 106 matters) or the courts.
3.3.2. Total Merger related administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) (millions) $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 N/A N/A Dollar value of AMPs imposed by the Competition Tribunal or the Courts.
3.3.3. Supplementary Information Requests Issued 7 2 8 4 21 18 12 Number of requests made pursuant to section 114(2) of the Competition Act.
Table 3.4: Merger review performance indicators
Measure Complexity 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
Please visit the Competition Bureau Fees and Service Standards Handbook for Mergers and Merger‑Related Matters
3.4.1. Merger Reviews Concluded (#) Non‑Complex 47 39 44 39 169 138 170 Number of non‑complex mergers concluded.
Complex 24 14 4 11 53 65 55 Number of complex mergers concluded.
Total 71 53 48 50 222 203 225  
3.4.2. Merger Reviews Concluded (%) Non‑Complex 66% 74% 92% 78% 77% 67% 76%  
Complex 34% 26% 8% 22% 23% 33% 24%  
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%  
3.4.3. Service Standard Met (#) Non‑Complex 46 39 44 39 168 133 168  
Complex 19 11 3 6 39 55 50  
Total 65 50 47 45 207 188 218  
3.4.4. Service Standard Met (%) Non‑Complex 98% 100% 100% 100% 99% 96% 99%  
Complex 79% 79% 75% 55% 74% 85% 91%  
3.4.5. Avg. Review Time (days) Non‑Complex 10.87 9.97 10.59 10.51 10.48 10.61 10.55  
Complex 47.73 45.29 51.25 64.27 52.14 35.87 33.35  

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Competition promotion

The Bureau actively encourages the adoption of pro‑competition positions, policies, and behaviours by businesses, consumers, regulators, government and international partners.

Advocacy

The Bureau participates in a wide range of activities to promote and advocate the benefits of a competitive marketplace, both in Canada and abroad. This includes recommending that regulators and policy‑makers rely on market forces as much as possible and that regulation, where required, limit competition as little as possible. Our Advocacy Portal on the Bureau's website highlights recent advocacy work conducted by the Bureau.

Table 4: Advocacy
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
4.0.1. Representations before regulatory bodies 2 0 2 0 4 4 9 Number of interventions, submissions and appearances before regulatory bodies pursuant to our advocacy function under sections 125 and 126 of the Competition Act.
4.0.2. Other advocacy interventions 9 9 5 6 29 25 24 Number of other interventions (outside formal interventions, submissions and appearances before regulatory bodies) may include written submissions including letters, calls and meetings with regulatory groups and other stakeholders.
4.0.3. The Competition Advocate publications 0 0 1 1 2 0 1 Number of publications of the Competition Advocate.
4.0.4. Market studies 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 Number of market studies completed.

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Outreach

The Bureau promotes transparency in all its operations by engaging with stakeholders via traditional and new media channels, providing them with up to date information and guidance.

Table 5: Outreach
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
5.0.1. Presentations and Speeches 47 22 57 34 160 135 141 Number of presentations by Bureau officials to external stakeholders, including speaking engagements, information sessions, panel participation and outreach activities. Excluding measures relating to table 6: Promotion of Corporate Compliance Programs.
5.0.2. Publications 23 10 16 13 62 64 26 Number of new publications and those that have been revised, including information bulletins, enforcement guidelines, videos, position statements, pamphlets and FAQs. Excluding measures relating to table 6: Promotion of Corporate Compliance Programs.
5.0.3. Web visits 186,866 150,247 169,878 189,526 696,517 N/A N/A The number of times any of the Bureau’s website pages were accessed via an external computer or other device.
5.0.4. Video views 26,419 2,328 7,811 8,178 44,736 N/A N/A Video views are measured by the number of times any of the Bureau’s videos were downloaded.
5.0.5. Media hits 3,523 2,102 1,479 2,653 9,757 N/A N/A The number of articles and broadcasts that mention the Bureau.
5.0.6. Twitter hits 7,180 2,315 2,021 7,183 18,699 N/A N/A The number of tweets that mention the Bureau.
5.0.7. Social media engagement 2,617 1,861 1,713 6,852 13,043 N/A N/A The number of times that other social media accounts have liked or loved Bureau social media posts, have commented on a post or have shared (or retweeted) content to their followers.

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Promotion of Corporate Compliance Programs

Table 6: Promotion of Corporate Compliance Programs
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
6.0.1. Compliance Outreach Events 3 4 18 7 32 N/A N/A Number of compliance presentations by Bureau officials to external stakeholders to promote the adoption of corporate compliance programs as outlined in the Corporate Compliance Programs Bulletin. Such presentations include, but are not limited to, speaking engagements, information sessions, panel participation, workshops and outreach activities.
6.0.2. Compliance Publications 2 1 1 1 5 N/A N/A Number of new and revised publications developed primarily by the Compliance Unit including information bulletins, videos, infographics, blogs, pamphlets and other similar material.
6.0.3. Corporate Compliance Program Assessments 1 0 1 0 2 N/A N/A Number of corporate compliance program assessments conducted. Such assessments include formal evaluations of programs provided by parties during the course of an investigation for consideration as a mitigating factor as outlined in the Corporate Compliance Programs Bulletin, as well as the review of programs in the context of remedies negotiated or obtained by the Bureau in the course of an investigation.

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International and domestic collaboration

The Bureau collaborates with international and domestic partners in order to enhance its ability to promote and protect a competitive marketplace.

Table 7: International and domestic collaboration
Measure 2016‑17 2015‑2016
Total
2014‑2015
Total
Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD Total
International
7.0.1. Formal international partnerships signed 1 0 1 0 2 14 2 2 Number of international partnerships in which the Bureau participates where Memoranda of Understanding or other agreements have been put in place.
7.0.2. Formal meetings 18 7 11 7 43 N/A 15 5 Number of formal meetings between senior Bureau officials (EX level) and foreign law enforcement agencies/competition authorities pursuant to obligations under cooperation instruments.
7.0.3. International notifications 35 36 24 33 128 N/A N/A N/A Number of international notifications communicated pursuant to cooperation instruments or Organisation for Economic Co‑operation and Development recommendation on International Cooperation.
7.0.4. International Fora meetings and workshops 11 8 7 9 35 N/A 17 16 Number of meetings and workshops with multinational organizations (e.g., Organisation for Economic Co‑operation and Development, International Competition Network, International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network).
7.0.5. Capacity building with international partners 2 3 2 3 10 N/A N/A N/A Number of technical assistance projects, study tours, interchanges and training sessions with foreign law enforcement agencies, competition authorities and multilateral organizations.
Domestic
7.0.6. Formal domestic partnerships signed 1 2 0 0 3 29 26 20 Number of domestic partnerships in which the Bureau participates where Memoranda of Understanding or other agreements have been put in place.

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Glossary

Alternative Case Resolutions:
Alternative Case Resolutions are interventions that resolve concerns of non‑compliance without the need for litigation before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts or the registration of a consent agreement. Through a range of instruments (for example, information letters, targeted inspections), the Competition Bureau may facilitate voluntary compliance by identifying the issue to the business or individual at an early stage.
CA Identification Number:
The CA Identification Number is an identification number registered for the exclusive use of a Canadian dealer on the label of a consumer textile article in place of a name and postal address (as per the Textile Labelling Act).
Competition Act:
The Competition Act is a federal law governing most business conduct in Canada. It contains both criminal and civil provisions aimed at preventing anti‑competitive practices in the marketplace.
Compliance Assessment:
An examination of a program, activity or individual transaction to ensure that it conforms to legislation, regulations and administrative directives.
Corporate Compliance Program:
A corporate compliance program implemented within businesses, helps identify the boundaries of permissible conduct, as well as identify situations where it would be advisable to seek legal advice. Implementing a corporate compliance program can, in certain circumstances, be ordered by a court, agreed to in a consent agreement or be required as part of an alternative case resolution as a condition of the Competition Bureau not pursuing further enforcement action.
Competition Tribunal:
The Competition Tribunal is a specialized tribunal that combines expertise in economics and business with expertise in law. The Tribunal is a strictly adjudicative body that operates independently of any government department.
Complex Mergers:
Complex mergers involve proposed transactions between competitors, or between customers and suppliers, where there are indications that the transaction may, or is likely to, create, maintain or enhance market power. Proposed transactions, where the combined post‑merger market share of the parties is potentially 35% or more, are generally classified as complex.
Consent Agreement:
A consent agreement is a negotiated settlement which is registered with the Competition Tribunal that, when registered, have the force of a court order; such violations of their terms may result in criminal penalties, including fines and imprisonment.
Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act:
The Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act is a statute relating to the packaging, labelling, sale, importation and advertising of prepackaged and certain other products.
Courts:
Under the criminal regime of the Competition Act, as well as under the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act and the Textile Labelling Act, certain practices may be brought before the Courts, which include the Federal Court or the Superior Court of a province. Under the civil regime of the Competition Act, certain practices may be brought for review before the Competition Tribunal, the Federal Court or the Superior Court of a province.
Immunity:
A party may receive immunity of prosecution from the Director of Public Prosecutions of Canada if the party discloses to the Competition Bureau an offence not yet detected or to provide evidence that warrants prosecution and also provided that the party cooperates with the Bureau and any subsequent prosecution.
Inquiry:
A formal process whereby the Commissioner has reason to believe that certain contraventions have occurred, grounds exist or offences have been or are about to be committed, and in other limited circumstances (Section 9 also provides that an application for inquiry may be made in certain circumstances), an inquiry may be commenced into all such matters as the Commissioner considers necessary to inquire into with the view of determining the facts. Initiating an inquiry allows the Commissioner to seek authorization from the courts to use certain formal powers, for example, orders under section 11 of the Competition Act to compel persons to provide, under oath, testimony, records or written returns of information in furtherance of the inquiry.
Investigation:
A civil (non‑merger) or criminal investigation under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Textile Labelling Act or the Precious Metals Marking Act (includes inquiries).
Leniency:
A party may receive a lenient treatment in sentencing (recommended by the Competition Bureau to Public Prosecutions of Canada) if the party cooperates from a breach in the cartel provisions under the Competition Act and is not eligible for a recommendation of immunity.
Market Studies:
A study on the influences of consumer behaviour and the analysis of market characteristics and trends. They are designed to improve on understanding of the effects on competition on the economy.
Merger Review:
A review of a merger transaction under the Competition Act.
Non‑Complex Mergers:
Non‑complex mergers are readily identifiable by the clear absence of competition issues, and include transactions where there is no or minimal overlap between parties, assuming properly defined product and geographic markets. Minimal overlap includes a combined post‑merger market share of less than 10% in any relevant market.
Precious Metals Marking Act:
The Precious Metals Marking Act is a statute relating to the marking of articles containing precious metals.
Section 11 Order:
Section 11 orders allow the Commissioner to obtain information from persons who have or are likely to have information that is relevant to a matter under inquiry pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act. In order for a section 11 order to be issued by a Court, the Commissioner must first have initiated an inquiry under section 10 of the Act.
Textile Labelling Act:
The Textile Labelling Act is a statute relating to the labelling, sale, importation and advertising of consumer textile articles.
The Competition Advocate:
A short commentary, published periodically, that offers the Bureau’s views on industries that may benefit from increased competition.
Written Opinions:
Written opinions are issued on the applicability of one or more provisions of the Competition Act or regulations to a proposed practice or conduct. They are binding on the Commissioner if all the material facts have been submitted, are accurate, and remain substantially unchanged. The Commissioner has the sole discretion to decline to issue a written opinion.
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