Competition Bureau Performance Measurement & Statistics Report for the period ending September 30, 2017

The Competition Bureau's (Bureau) Performance Measurement and Statistics Report (PMSR) demonstrates progress towards the Bureau's 2015-2018 strategic objectives by publicly reporting on the Bureau's performance data consistently throughout the year. In support of the 2017-2018 Annual Plan priority to enhance its performance measurement framework, the Bureau has combined the Performance Measurement Dashboard, which provides concise, simple reporting against the Bureau's stated priorities, with the Quarterly Statistics Report to create the PMSR. The PMSR includes performance measures, targets and results for the 2017-2018 priorities and a narrative highlighting the Bureau's performance in the areas of enforcement, advocacy, outreach, compliance and collaboration.

The PMSR for each quarter supersedes all previous quarters' PMSR made by the Bureau (for example, Q2 will supersede Q1) relating to the content described herein. The figures contained within this report are subject to adjustments in future publications.

The Commissioner has independent authority to administer and enforce the Competition Act, Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act. For cases involving criminal provisions, the Bureau seeks legal advice from the  Public Prosecution Service of Canada on its investigations. When complete and sufficient evidence exists, investigations are formally referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for such action as warranted. The Public Prosecution Service of Canada is responsible for the decision to lay charges, prosecute and discuss resolutions, including negotiating guilty pleas.

Table of contents

Performance Measurement – 2017-2018 Priorities and Results

2017-2018 Priorities
Priorities and Measures Goals / Objectives Indicator Results for April 1 to June 30 Results for July 1 to September 30
  1. Focus on high-impact digital economy enforcement cases by commencing or continuing work on at least 50 digital economy cases
Increase choice and innovation and/or reduce prices where the Bureau has focused its enforcement resources for the benefit of Canadian consumers # of digital economy cases We commenced 8 digital economy cases and continued work on 48 cases We commenced 7 digital economy cases and continued work on 49 cases
  1. Safeguard infrastructure spending by setting up a Tip Line and conducting at least 10 promotional activities
Increase awareness/increase compliance/reduce bid rigging/increase detection in federal infrastructure spending # of promotional activities We launched the Federal Contracting Fraud Tip Line in April 2017, and have held 3 promotional activities: Press conference announcing the launch of the Federal Contracting Fraud Tip Line, a joint initiative with the Public Service and Procurement Canada (PSPC) and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) We held 6 promotional activities

We received 19 tips from Canadians through the Federal Contracting Fraud Tip Line

Bureau representatives promoted the Tip Line at a presentation on procurement to the Government of Nunavut
  1. Safeguard infrastructure spending by delivering bid-rigging/compliance presentations to targeted audiences in order to achieve coverage in every province and territory in Canada starting from April 1, 2016 and ending by December 31, 2017
Increase awareness/increase compliance/reduce bid rigging/increase detection in federal infrastructure spending # of Canadian provinces/territories in which bid rigging/compliance presentations have been delivered We have delivered 41 compliance and bid-rigging presentations in 9 provinces/territories We delivered 4 compliance and bid-rigging presentations in 3 provinces/ territories, with our first presentation of the year in Nunavut
  1. British Columbia: 1
  2. Manitoba: 3
  3. New Brunswick: 1
  4. Newfoundland: 2
  5. Nova Scotia: 11
  6. Ontario: 11
  7. Quebec: 8
  8. Saskatchewan: 6
  9. Yukon: 2
  10. Nunavut: 1
  1. Help Canadians to protect themselves by issuing at least 12 consumer and business alerts
Increase awareness/reduce the number of Canadian consumers and businesses who become victims of deceptive marketing, scams or fraud # of consumer and business alerts We have issued 3 consumer and business alerts We issued 4 consumer and business alerts, bringing the year-to-date total to 7
  1. To encourage and broaden competition enforcement and policy dialogue in Canada, and engage with stakeholders on emerging issues, we will publish a white paper exploring big data implications for competition
Bureau understanding of big data implications for competition are enhanced and transparency to the public regarding our approach is improved White paper published We commenced work on a big data white paper We published a draft of our white paper on big data and invited the public to provide feedback and comments on the draft
  1. To foster innovation through the promotion of pro-competitive regulation, we will complete a market study of the Canadian FinTech sector and publish a report
Increase awareness by regulators/regulatory changes that foster innovation in FinTech FinTech report published We continued our market study into technology-led innovation in the financial services sector and released a summary report on our February 2017 FinTech workshop

Work on the FinTech report is underway
Work on the FinTech report continues

We conducted 10 information sessions, where we received useful feedback on our report conclusions from federal and provincial government stakeholders
  1. To enhance and strengthen our networks of partners to address anti-competitive activities and deceptive marketing practices, and promote best practices at an international level we will host the International Competition Network (ICN) Cartel Workshop, Co-chair the ICN Agency Effectiveness Working Group (AEWG) and will continue to play leadership roles in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), ICN and the International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network (ICPEN)
Competition networks are strengthened (examples of best practices shared and case co-operation enhanced) Host Cartel workshop/ICN AEWG activities/OECD, ICN, ICPEN activities Our work on the ICN Cartel Workshop is proceeding as planned

The Commissioner of Competition moderated an ICN Mergers Working Group panel on non price effects in merger reviews

The Bureau assumed the role of Co-chair of the ICN AEWG

The Commissioner of Competition continued his role as the ICN-OECD Co-coordinator and promoted synergies between the fora at the June OECD meeting

Bureau representatives attended the ICPEN meetings in Berlin, Germany in April

We participated in 5 meetings and workshops with multinational organisations
Extensive work in support of the October ICN Cartel Workshop was completed

We participated in the ICN capacity-building workshop on due process in Singapore, and the Antitrust Regional Seminar on Economic Analysis in Competition Enforcement in Singapore

We participated in 3 meetings and workshops with multinational organisations

Highlights

This section provides an overview of the Bureau’s newsworthy and public-facing activities for the quarter and includes explanations behind significant variances in the data, as required.

Quarter 2 (July 1 – September 30)

The Bureau continued to achieve significant results for Canadians in the second quarter of 2017-2018 (July 1, 2017 to September 30, 2017). For example, we continued our work to strengthen Canadians’ trust in the digital economy by taking on 7 new digital economy cases, closing 3 cases in the second quarter and continuing work on 49 cases.

We continued to take a stand against deceptive marketing by concluding our investigation into the practices of the now defunct Montreal-based mail order businesses, JD Marvel and CDN Mail Order Exchange. In July 2017, the Court of Quebec found John Dragan, the President of the businesses, guilty of making false claims for “Clear Vue”, a so-called TV antenna. In September 2017, Dragan was sentenced to 18 months in prison for deceptive marketing. The conviction and sentence send a clear message that those making false accusations will be held accountable. To further protect Canadians from becoming victims of anti-competitive behaviour, we issued four consumer and business alerts in the second quarter warning about illegal snow removal agreements, unexpected currency exchange rates when shopping online, ‘rogue movers’ scams, and monthly subscription scams. We also promoted truth in advertising in Canada’s digital economy by calling on sporting and entertainment ticket vendors to display the real cost of tickets by being upfront about additional fees, taxes or charges included in the price of tickets.

We promoted competition and innovation throughout the second quarter of 2017-2018 by providing advice and recommendations to regulators and policy makers. In July 2017, we published a report on competition in the mobile food industry in the Competition Advocate. The report outlined the benefits of mobile food services and encouraged municipal regulators to consider best practices, including reducing constraints on operating hours, reducing or repealing proximity requirements to promote competition between food service providers, and restricting where food trucks can operate only when there is a legitimate reason to do so. The piece received significant attention in the media and municipalities continue to discuss regulations in this important sector of the Canadian economy.

We recognize the important contributions innovative businesses make to the Canadian economy. In July 2017, we issued guidance to businesses applying for funding under the Government of Canada’s Innovation Superclusters Initiative to encourage their compliance of the Competition Act. Our guidance clarifies the types of collaborative projects that do not raise competition concerns and outlines best practices that participating firms can adopt. We also advanced dialogue on emerging competition issues by publishing a draft white paper on big data for public consultation in September 2017. The paper provided an overview of big data and outlined its implications for competition policy in Canada, especially in the areas of mergers and monopolistic practices, criminal cartels, and deceptive marketing.

To protect competition in the oil and gas sector, we reached a Consent Agreement with Superior Plus LP (Superior) regarding its proposed acquisition of Canwest Propane (Canwest) from Gibson Energy ULC (Gibsons). As part of the agreement, Superior agreed to sell retail propane sites and associated assets in 12 markets in Western Canada where the merger would have been likely to substantially lessen competition. We also worked closely with the United States Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and other counterparts to protect competition in the fertilizer industry by reviewing the proposed merger between Agrium and Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan Inc. (PCS). Our work on the investigation demonstrates our commitment to collaborating with international counterparts to promote best practices and support competition efforts.

To ensure that Canadian businesses operating abroad benefit from competitive marketplaces, we shared our experiences and best practices with counterparts at two capacity-building workshops. In August 2017, we participated in the International Competition Network’s (ICN) capacity-building workshop on due process. Held in Singapore, the workshop brought together officials from competition authorities around the world to facilitate due process in global competition enforcement. In September 2017, we led a how-to session on merger control analysis for members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) at the Antitrust Regional Seminar on Economic Analysis in Competition Enforcement in Singapore.

Quarter 1 (April 1 – June 30)

The Bureau achieved significant results for Canadians in the first quarter of 2017-2018 (April 1, 2017 to June 30, 2017) to ensure a competitive and innovative marketplace that benefits consumers, businesses and the Canadian economy. We protected competition and worked to enhance Canadians' trust in the digital economy by taking on 8 new digital economy cases and continuing work in 48 cases. In April 2017, we reached a consent agreement with Dollar Thrifty Automotive Group (Dollar Thrifty) and Hertz Canada Ltd. (Hertz) after our investigation found they had advertised prices which were unattainable due to extra mandatory fees. As part of the agreement, the companies also paid a total of $1.25 million in penalties. This will ensure their advertising complies with the law and they implement new procedures aimed at preventing advertising issues in the future. We also continued work on our market study into technology‑led innovation in the Canadian financial services (FinTech) sector. In May 2017, we released a summary of the highlights from the one-day FinTech workshop we hosted in February 2017. The workshop was well received by stakeholders, with 228 representatives from the FinTech community, banks, provincial and federal regulators authorities, policy makers and international experts participating in the workshop in person and online. Work on our Fintech report is underway and we are aiming to publish a draft for consultation in fall 2017.

To ensure competitive bidding processes on Government procurement contracts, we partnered with PSPC and the RCMP to establish a dedicated telephone and online Tip Line where Canadians who suspect fraud, corruption or collusion in federal government contracts and real property agreements can submit tips anonymously. Launched in April 2017, the tip line received 51 tips during the first quarter of 2017-2018.

Protecting Canadians from becoming victims of anti-competitive behaviours is among the Bureau's key priorities for the current fiscal year. To ensure that Canadians stay informed, last quarter, we issued 3 consumer and business alerts warning about suspicious online pop-ups, deceptive shopping websites, and fake CEO scams.

Collaborating with partners, both domestically and internationally, is key to fulfilling our mandate. We continued to foster relationships with our peers by participating in international fora, such as the OECD, ICN and ICPEN. Between April 1 and June 30, 2017, Bureau officials delivered 4 presentations at the ICN annual conference and 1 presentation at the OECD conference in Paris, France. We also assumed the role of Co-chair of the ICN AEWG. We strengthened our collaboration with partners by signing a cooperation agreement with the Japan Fair Trade Commission to enhance our cooperation, coordination and communication of information in enforcement activities. In June 2017, we signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Superintendence of Industry and Commerce of the Republic of Colombia to advance the effective enforcement of competition laws.

Intake

1.0 – Information Centre Requests

The Competition Bureau receives a variety of requests for information.

Table 1: Information Centre Requests
1.0.1. Top 5 Complaints by business conduct (Sections of the Competition Act)
2017-18 2016-17
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
  1. False or Misleading Representations
  2. Abuse of Dominance
  3. Sale Above Advertised Price
  4. Deceptive Telemarketing
  5. Price Fixing
  1. False or Misleading Representations
  2. Abuse of Dominance
  3. Sale Above Advertised Price
  4. Deceptive Telemarketing
  5. False or Misleading Electronic Messages
  1. False or Misleading Representations
  2. Abuse of Dominance
  3. Sale Above Advertised Price
  4. Deceptive Telemarketing
  5. Ordinary Selling Price Claims
Enquiries and complaints
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
1.0.2. Complaints Cartels Directorate 28 14 42 N/A N/A N/A The number of complaints submitted to the Bureau (assigned to responsible Branch/ Directorate/Unit) that relate to the Bureau's four statutes (Competition Act, Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act).
Deceptive Marketing Practices Directorate 350 420 770 N/A N/A N/A
Monopolistic Practices Directorate 80 66 146 N/A N/A N/A
Mergers Directorate 12 9 21 N/A N/A N/A
Competition Promotion Branch 0 2 2 N/A N/A N/A
Information Centre 219 314 533 3,592 3,018 N/A
Total Complaints 689 825 1514 3,592 3,018 N/A
1.0.3. Questions Cartels Directorate 7 8 15 N/A N/A N/A Number of questions submitted to the Bureau (assigned to responsible Branch/ Directorate/Unit) that relate to the Bureau's four statutes (listed above). Does not include written opinions.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Directorate 54 43 97 N/A N/A N/A
Monopolistic Practices Directorate 7 6 13 N/A N/A N/A
Mergers Directorate 14 5 19 N/A N/A N/A
Competition Promotion Branch 0 5 5 N/A N/A N/A
Information Centre 1,472 1,509 2,981 6,997 7,915 N/A
Total Questions 1,554 1,576 3,130 6,997 7,915 N/A
1.0.4. No Issues 117 119 236 N/A N/A N/A The number of complaints or questions submitted to the Bureau that do not relate to the Bureau's four statutes (listed above).
1.0.5 Textile Labelling CA Identification Number Applications Voluntary refund / cancelled 16 20 36 N/A N/A N/A Canadian manufacturers, processors or finishers of a textile fibre product, and Canadians in the business of importing or selling textile fibre products, can register for a CA Identification Number. The number is issued by the Bureau upon request.
Pending 11 6 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Completed 274 270 544 N/A N/A N/A
Total Applications 301 296 597 969 812 766
1.0.6. Textile Labelling CA Identification Number Service Standard Met (%) 99% 95% 97% 98% 99% N/A The service standards are 5 business days for an online application and 20 business days for an application by mail. The Bureau strives to meet its service standard on all requests, with a target of 90%.
The Bureau receives enquiries and complaints from members of the public via the Information Centre (primary point of entry for requests).
Table 1.1: Other Requests
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
1.1.1. Media requests 58 76 134 301 490 532 Number of media requests received by the Bureau.
1.1.2. Written Opinions Requested Non-Complex 0 0 0 0 0 0 Number of requests, pursuant to section 124.1 of the Competition Act, submitted to the Bureau
for written opinions on the applicability of one or more provisions of the Competition Act or regulations to a proposed practice or conduct.
Complex 4 5 9 19 25 15
1.1.3. Written Opinions Completed Non-Complex 0 0 0 0 0 0 Number of completed written opinions, pursuant to section 124.1 of the Competition Act, on the applicability of one or more provisions of the Competition Act or regulations to a proposed practice or conduct.
Complex 2 3 5 17 24 10
1.1.4. Written Opinion Service Standard Met (%) Non-Complex N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Service standards range from two weeks to ten weeks, depending on the section of the Act and level of complexity.
Complex 50% 33% 41% 60% 65% 100%
The Bureau receives media requests via the Media Relations Team.

Enforcement

2.0 – Enforcement - Non Merger

The Competition Bureau enforces the provisions of Canada's Competition Act that address anti-competitive practices and misleading advertising, as well as the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act.

Table 2.0: Enforcement – Non Merger
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD/Total
Investigations
2.0.1. Commenced Cartels Enforcement 6 4 10 17 25 11 Number of investigations and compliance assessments that were commenced. Not all complaints and information requests will become investigations.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 14 10 24 49 33 37
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 1 0 1 8 8 7
Total 21 14 35 74 66 55
2.0.2. Closed Cartels Enforcement 3 6 9 16 22 8 Number of investigations and compliance assessments that were closed.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 14 13 27 27 33 29
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 1 1 2 18 7 10
Total 18 20 38 61 62 47
2.0.3. Total ongoing Cartels Enforcement 44 47 45 44 43 45 Number of investigations and compliance assessments ongoing at the end of the previous quarter.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 77 77 74 77 55 47
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 17 17 16 17 27 17
Total 138 141 135 116 125 109
Inquiries
2.0.4. Commenced Cartels Enforcement 0 4 4 5 4 2 Number of investigations for which an inquiry has been commenced pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 1 3 4 8 5 4
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 1 0 1 4 3 2
Total 2 7 9 17 12 8
2.0.5. Discontinued Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 4 4 1 Number of inquiries discontinued pursuant to section 22 of the Competition Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 3 0 3 1 2 1
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 1 1 8 2 1
Total 3 1 4 13 8 3
2.0.6. Whistleblowers Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 N/A Number of whistleblowers who contacted the Bureau.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0 0 N/A
2.0.7. Search warrants Cartels Enforcement 9 0 9 2 12 24 Number of search warrants issued, including multiple orders for a single investigation.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 2 0 9 1 1
Total 9 2 11 11 13 25
2.0.8. Section 11 orders Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 142 0 0 Number of section 11 orders issued, including multiple orders for a single investigation.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 11 1 2
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 3 3 9 14 17
Total 0 3 3 162 15 19
2.0.9. Production orders Cartels Enforcement 4 0 4 5 N/A N/A Number of production orders issued under the Criminal Code of Canada including multiple orders for a single investigation.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 4 4 5 11 20
Total 4 4 8 10 N/A N/A
2.0.10. Immunity markers granted to applicants Cartels Enforcement 4 0 4 27 31 20 Number of immunity markers granted by the Cartels and Deceptive Marketing Practices Branch.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 4 0 4 27 31 20
2.0.11. Leniency markers granted to applicants Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 1 12 17 Number of leniency markers granted by the Cartels Directorate.
Total 0 0 0 1 12 17

2.1 – Referral Stage

Following an investigation and a recommendation by the Competition Bureau, criminal matters are referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for determination on the laying of charges. Competition Bureau action is contingent on the Public Prosecution Service of Canada's decision (e.g., initiating a prosecution; concurring with leniency recommendation which leads to a plea agreement and, eventually a guilty plea).

Table 2.1: Referral Stage
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD/Total
2.1.1. Recommendations for immunity made Cartels Enforcement 1 1 2 2 N/A N/A Number of immunity recommendations made to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada reported semi-annually.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 1 1 2 2 N/A N/A
2.1.2. Recommendations for leniency made Cartels Enforcement 0 1 1 1 N/A N/A Number of leniency recommendations made to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada reported semi-annually.
Total 0 1 1 1 N/A N/A
2.1.3. Investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 2 2 4 Number of investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for consideration and action.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 1
Total 0 0 0 2 2 5
2.1.4. Investigations and leniency recommendations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada awaiting decision Cartels Enforcement 9 9 9 8 N/A N/A Number of investigations and leniency recommendations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada awaiting decision as of the previous reporting period.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A
Total 9 9 9 8 N/A N/A
2.1.5. Investigations sent back to the Competition Bureau by the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for additional investigation Cartels Enforcement 0 1 1 0 N/A N/A Number of investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada and returned to the Competition Bureau for further investigation.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A
Total 0 1 1 0 N/A N/A
2.1.6. Investigations where charges were not laid Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A Number of investigations where charges were not laid by the Bureau following considerations by the Public Prosecution Service of Canada.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A
Total 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A
Table 2.2: Contested Investigation - Before the Courts or Competition Tribunal
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD/Total
2.2.1. Civil applications filed with the Competition Tribunal Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 2 1 1 Number of civil applications brought by the Commissioner before the Competition Tribunal. This excludes applications to vary or rescind consent agreements or orders under sections 74.13 or 106; applications for interim orders or injunctions under sections 74.111, 103.3 or 104; and applications related to private access under section 106.1 of the Competition Act.
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 2 0 N/A
Total 0 0 0 4 1 N/A
2.2.2. Ongoing civil applications before the Competition Tribunal Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 1 1 1 1 1 1 Number of ongoing civil applications at the end of the previous quarter before the Competition Tribunal. This excludes applications to vary or rescind consent agreements or orders under sections 74.13 or 106; applications for interim orders or injunctions under sections 74.111, 103.3 or 104; and applications related to private access under section 106.1 of the Competition Act.
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 2 2 2 2 1 4
Total 3 3 3 3 2 5
2.2.3. Civil applications filed before the Courts Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 Number of civil applications filed related to investigations filed before the Courts other than the Competition Tribunal. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 of the Competition Act.
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.2.4. Ongoing civil applications before the Courts Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 1 1 1 2 2 2 Number of ongoing civil applications filed related to investigations filed before the Courts other than the Competition Tribunal at the end of the previous quarter related to substantive investigations. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 of the Competition Act.
Total 1 1 1 2 2 2
2.2.5. Individuals charged Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A Number of individuals criminally charged following a Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A
2.2.6. Companies charged Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A Number of companies criminally charged following a Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A
2.2.7. Investigations where charges were laid Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A Number of investigations where criminal charges were laid following a Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A
2.2.8. Appeals filed Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 N/A Number of appeals filed with a Provincial or Territorial Court of Appeal, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or the Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 or s. 106 of the Competition Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 1 1 N/A
Total 0 0 0 1 1 N/A
2.2.9. Appeals ongoing Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 7 0 N/A Number of ongoing appeals filed with a Provincial or Territorial Court of Appeal, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or the Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 or 106 of the Competition Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 1 1 1 1 0 N/A
Total 1 1 1 8 0 N/A
Table 2.3: Resolutions & Outcomes
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
2.3.1. Alternative Case Resolutions Cartels Enforcement 1 1 2 8 8 9 Number of Alternative Case Resolutions (ACRs) reached.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 11 8 19 21 20 14
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 4 3 1
Total 12 9 21 33 31 24
2.3.2. Registered Consent Agreements (non-merger) Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 1 0 1 7 4 3 Number of non-merger Consent Agreements registered with the Competition Tribunal or Courts pursuant to section 74.12 or 105 of the Competition Act.
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 4 1 1
Total 1 0 1 11 5 4
2.3.3. Guilty pleas (non-contested proceedings) Cartels Enforcement 2 0 2 5 7 6 Number of guilty pleas without contested proceedings by individuals or companies for an offence under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act or the Textile Labelling Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 2 0 2 5 7 6
2.3.4. Guilty pleas (contested proceedings) Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A Number of guilty pleas during contested proceedings by individuals or companies for an offence under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act or the Textile Labelling Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 1 0 1 1 5 1
Total 1 0 1 1 N/A N/A
2.3.5. Convictions (excluding guilty pleas) Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 Number of convictions resulting from contested proceedings (includes sections 65 and 66) under the Competition Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 1 1 0 0 0
Total 0 1 1 0 0 0
2.3.6. Stay of proceedings Cartels Enforcement 1 0 1 0 N/A N/A Number of prosecutions in which the Public Prosecution Service of Canada entered a stay of proceedings.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 7 0 7 0 1 1
Total 8 0 8 0 N/A N/A
2.3.7. Prohibition orders with conviction Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 All prohibition orders with conviction (subsection 34(1)) under the Competition Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 1 1 2 2 4 0
Total 1 1 2 2 4 0
2.3.8. Prohibition orders without conviction Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 All prohibition orders without conviction (subsection 34(2)) under the Competition Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 2 0 2 0 0 0
Total 2 0 2 0 0 0
2.3.9. Interim orders and injunctions Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 All interim injunctions (section 33) and Interim Orders (s. 74.111, s. 103.3 and s. 104) under the Competition Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.3.10. Total fines imposed (millions) Cartels Enforcement $13.54 $0 $13.54 $13.28 $3.18 $8.65 Dollar value of fines imposed upon companies and individuals by the Courts.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement $0.18 $0 $0.18 $0.45 $0.06 $0.164
Total $13.72 $0 $13.72 $13.73 $3.24 $8.81
2.3.11. Individuals sentenced Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 2 2 2 Number of individuals sentenced under the Competition Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 1 1 1 4 2
Total 0 1 1 3 6 4
2.3.12. Companies sentenced Cartels Enforcement 2 0 2 3 6 4 Number of companies sentenced under the Competition Act.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 1 0 1 1 0 0
Total 3 0 3 4 6 4
2.3.13. Combined jail time imposed (months) Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 33 18 14 Months of jail time imposed.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 18 18 16 45 18
Total 0 18 18 49 63 32
2.3.14. Total administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) (millions) (non-merger) Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement $1.25 $0 $1.25 $19.3 $4.75 $5 Dollar value of AMPs imposed by the Competition Tribunal, the Courts or under a consent agreement.
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 $0 0 0 $1M $5
Total $1.25 $0 $1.25 $19.3 $5.75 $10
2.3.15. Total restitution (millions) Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement $0 $0 0 $11.82 $7.34 $7.11 Dollar value of restitution imposed by the Competition Tribunal or the Courts.
Total 0 0 0 $11.82 $7.34 $7.11
2.3.16. Orders issued by the Competition Tribunal (non-merger) Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 Number of orders issued (decision made) by the Competition Tribunal. Does not include Consent Agreements registered pursuant to sections 79.12 or 105 of the Competition Act or interim steps in a proceeding, but does include rescission or variation or a consent agreement under sections 74.13 or 106 of the Competition Act.
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 3 0 N/A
Total 0 0 0 3 0 N/A
2.3.17. Total investigative costs recovered Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A Dollar value of investigative costs imposed by the Competition Tribunal, the Courts or under a consent agreement that are recovered by the Receiver General.
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A
Total 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A

3.0 – Enforcement - Merger Related

Under the Competition Act, mergers and proposed mergers of all sizes and in all sectors of the economy are subject to review to determine whether they have resulted, or will likely result, in a substantial lessening or prevention of competition.

Table 3.0: Enforcement – Merger Related
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
Merger Reviews
3.0.1. Commenced 51 62 113 234 230 254 Number of merger reviews that were opened during the period.
3.0.2. Pre-Merger Notification filings & Advance Ruling Certificate requests 46 59 105 217 212 240 Number of Pre-Merger Notifications (PMNs) filed pursuant to section 114(1) of the Competition Act and number of Advance Ruling Certificate (ARC) requests made pursuant to section 102 of the Competition Act. Includes reviews where either a PMN filing or an ARC request, or both occur.
3.0.3. Other examinations 5 3 8 17 18 14 Number of reviews where no PMN or ARC request was received. Includes Investment Canada, and Heritage Canada applications, complaints and reviews of non-notifiable mergers initiated by the Mergers Directorate.
3.0.4. Concluded 61 61 122 238 221 245 Number of merger reviews that were completed during the period.
3.0.5. No enforcement action 57 58 115 226 212 231 Number of merger reviews that were completed with no enforcement action taken under the Competition Act.
3.0.6. With issues under the Act 4 3 7 9 7 9 Number of merger reviews that were completed with issues under the Competition Act. Does not include ongoing proceedings before the Competition Tribunal.
3.0.7. Transactions abandoned for reasons unrelated to the Bureau's position 0 0 0 3 2 5 Number of transactions (proposed mergers) abandoned for reasons other than the Bureau's position on the proposed merger.
3.0.8. Total Ongoing Merger Reviews 38 28 29 37 36 24 Number of merger reviews ongoing at the end of the previous quarter.
Inquiries
3.0.9. Commenced 1 0 1 3 7 3 Number of inquiries commenced pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act.
3.0.10. Discontinued 0 0 0 0 1 0 Number of inquiries discontinued pursuant to section 22 of the Competition Act.
Table 3.1: Merger Related - Concluded reviews no enforcement action
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
3.1.1. Advanced Ruling Certificates Issued 21 23 44 116 83 120 Number of examinations concluded with the issuance of an Advance Ruling Certificate (ARC) pursuant to section 102 of the Competition Act.
3.1.2. No Action Letters Issued 28 34 62 96 113 101 Number of examinations concluded with the issuance of a No Action Letter (NAL) pursuant to the Competition Act.
3.1.3. Other Examinations 8 1 9 14 16 10 Number of examinations concluded without enforcement action and without issuance of an ARC or NAL.
3.1.4. Total Concluded reviews no enforcement 57 58 115 226 212 231 Number of merger reviews that were concluded with no enforcement action under the Competition Act.
Table 3.2: Merger Related - Concluded reviews with issues
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
3.2.1. Consent Agreements 4 2 6 8 7 2 Number of Consent Agreements registered with the Competition Tribunal pursuant to section 105 of the Competition Act related to mergers.
3.2.2. Transactions abandoned due to competition concerns 0 0 0 1 0 2 Number of proposed mergers abandoned by merging parties after being informed that the transaction raises issues under the Competition Act.
3.2.3. Alternative Case Resolutions 0 1 1 0 0 4 Number of reviews that raised an issue under the Competition Act but were resolved outside of proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the registering of a Consent Agreement (includes undertakings).
3.2.4. Section 92 reviews 0 0 0 0 0 1 Number of s.92 cases resolved. This includes Orders issued by the Competition Tribunal pursuant to s. 92 of the Competition Act, reviews where a s. 92 application is withdrawn, and final resolutions through the Court appeal process.
3.2.5. Total Concluded reviews (with issues) 4 3 7 9 7 9 Number of merger reviews that were completed with issues under the Competition Act . Does not include ongoing proceedings before the Competition Tribunal.
Table 3.3: Merger Related - Other
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
3.3.1. Proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts 0 0 0 0 1 0 Number of proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts. Includes ongoing section 92 matters and other matters before the Competition Tribunal (such as section 100 and 106 matters) or the courts.
3.3.2. Total Merger related administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) (millions) $0 $0 $0 $0 N/A N/A Dollar value of AMPs ordered by the Competition Tribunal or the Courts.
3.3.3. Supplementary Information Requests Issued 3 0 3 21 18 12 Number of requests made pursuant to section 114(2) of the Competition Act.
3.3.4 Supplementary Information Requests Issued for Concluded Matters 7 3 10 22 12 10 Number of concluded reviews that had requests made pursuant to section 114(2) of the Competition Act.
Table 3.4: Merger Review Performance Indicators
Measure Complexity 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD/Total
3.4.1. Merger Reviews Concluded (#) Non-Complex 35 42 77 169 138 170 Number of non-complex mergers concluded.
Complex 18 18 36 53 65 55 Number of complex mergers concluded.
Total 53 60 113 222 203 225 Total number of concluded reviews within service standards. Includes only matters with a PMN filing or an ARC request, or both.
3.4.2. Merger Reviews Concluded (%) Non-Complex 66% 70% 68% 77% 67% 76%
Complex 34% 30% 32% 23% 33% 24%
3.4.3. Service Standard Met (#) Non-Complex 33 39 72 168 133 168 The service standard for merger reviews is 14 days for Non-Complex cases and 45 days for Complex cases.
Complex 13 15 28 39 55 50
Total 46 54 100 207 188 218
3.4.4. Service Standard Met(%) Non-Complex 94% 93% 93.5% 99% 96% 99% The performance target for Non-Complex cases is 90%.
Complex 72% 83% 77.5% 74% 85% 91% The performance target for Complex cases is 85%.
3.4.5. Avg. Review Time (days) Non-Complex 10.2 10.92 10.56 10.48 10.61 10.55
Complex 77.111 53.44 65.27 52.14 35.87 33.35
Please visit the Competition Bureau Fees and Service Standards Handbook for Mergers and Merger-Related Matters.

Competition Promotion

The Bureau actively encourages the adoption of pro-competition positions, policies, and behaviours by businesses, consumers, regulators, government and international partners.

4.0 – Advocacy

The Bureau participates in a wide range of activities to promote and advocate the benefits of a competitive marketplace, both in Canada and abroad. This includes recommending that regulators and policy-makers rely on market forces as much as possible and that regulation, where required, limit competition as little as possible. Our Advocacy Portal on the Bureau's website highlights recent advocacy work conducted by the Bureau.

Table 4.0: Advocacy
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
4.0.1. Representations before regulatory bodies 0 0 0 4 4 9 Number of interventions, submissions and appearances before regulatory bodies pursuant to our advocacy function under sections 125 and 126 of the Competition Act.
4.0.2. Other advocacy interventions 4 7 11 29 25 24 Number of other interventions (outside formal interventions, submissions and appearances before regulatory bodies) may include written submissions, letters, calls and meetings with regulatory groups and other stakeholders.
4.0.3. The Competition Advocate publications 0 1 1 2 0 1 Number of publications of the Competition Advocate.
4.0.4. Market studies 0 0 0 0 0 3 Number of market studies completed.

5.0 – Outreach

The Bureau promotes transparency in all its operations by engaging with stakeholders via traditional and new media channels, providing them with up to date information and guidance.

Table 5.0: Outreach
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD/Total
5.0.1. Presentations and Speeches 22 11 33 160 135 141 Number of presentations by Bureau officials to external stakeholders, including speaking engagements, information sessions, panel participation and outreach activities. Excluding measures relating to 5.0.2. Bid-Rigging Presentations and 6.0.1. Compliance Outreach Events.
5.0.2. Bid-Rigging Presentations 3 2 5 N/A N/A N/A Number of bid-rigging presentations to external stakeholders.
5.0.3. Bid-Rigging Presentations attendees 135 320 455 N/A N/A N/A Number of attendees at bid-rigging presentations delivered by Bureau officials.
5.0.4. Publications Cartels & Deceptive Marketing Practices Branch 1 0 1 0 3 3 Number of new publications and those that have been revised, including information bulletins, enforcement guidelines, videos, position statements, pamphlets and FAQs. Excluding measures relating to table 6: Promotion of Corporate Compliance Programs.
Mergers & Monopolistic Practices Branch 6 4 10 30 30 2
Competition Promotion Branch 8 5 13 32 31 10
Total 15 9 24 62 64 26
5.0.5. Web visits 164,127 140,435 304,562 696,517 N/A N/A The number of times any of the Bureau's website pages were accessed via an external computer or other device.
5.0.6. Video views 12,175 6,095 8,270 44,736 N/A N/A Video views are measured by the number of times any of the Bureau's videos are downloaded.
5.0.7. Media hits 1,904 1,568 1,904 9,757 N/A N/A The number of articles and broadcasts that mention the Bureau.
5.0.8. Twitter hits 1,801 2,257 4,058 18,699 N/A N/A The number of tweets that mention the Bureau.
5.0.9. Social media engagement 7,714 4,269 11,983 13,043 N/A N/A The number of times that other social media accounts have liked or loved Bureau social media posts, have commented on a post or have shared (or retweeted) content to their followers.
5.0.10. Social media followings 9,096 9,589 18,685 N/A N/A N/A The number of followers via Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, etc.
Table 6.0: Promotion of Corporate Compliance Programs
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD
6.0.1. Compliance Outreach Events 4 4 8 32 12 N/A Number of compliance presentations by Bureau officials to external stakeholders to promote the adoption of corporate compliance programs as outlined in the Corporate Compliance Programs Bulletin. Such presentations include, but are not limited to, speaking engagements, information sessions, panel participation, workshops and outreach activities.
6.0.2. Compliance Outreach Events Presentations attendees 115 382 497 N/A N/A N/A Number of attendees at compliance presentations delivered by Bureau officials.
6.0.3. Compliance Publications 2 3 5 5 0 N/A Number of new and revised publications developed primarily by the Compliance Unit including information bulletins, videos, infographics, blogs, pamphlets and other similar material.
6.0.4. Corporate Compliance Program Assessments 0 1 1 2 0 N/A Number of corporate compliance program assessments conducted. Such assessments include formal evaluations of programs provided by parties during the course of an investigation for consideration as a mitigating factor as outlined in the Corporate Compliance Programs Bulletin, as well as the review of programs in the context of remedies negotiated or obtained by the Bureau in the course of a resolution.

7.0 – International and Domestic Collaboration

The Bureau collaborates with international and domestic partners in order to enhance its ability to promote and protect a competitive marketplace.

Table 7.0: International and Domestic Collaboration
Measure 2017-18 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total Description
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 YTD/Total Total
International
7.0.1. Formal international partnerships signed 2 0 2 20 2 2 2 Number of international partnerships in which the Bureau participates where Memoranda of Understanding or other agreements have been put in place.
7.0.2. Formal meetings 10 1 11 N/A 43 15 5 Number of formal meetings between senior Bureau officials (EX level) and foreign law enforcement agencies/competition authorities pursuant to obligations under cooperation instruments.
7.0.3. International notifications 46 32 78 N/A 131 95 91 Number of international notifications communicated pursuant to cooperation instruments or Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development recommendation on International Cooperation.
7.0.4. International Fora meetings and workshops 5 3 8 N/A 35 17 16 Number of meetings and workshops with multinational organizations (e.g., Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, International Competition Network, International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network).
7.0.5. Capacity building with international partners 1 5 6 N/A 10 N/A N/A Number of technical assistance projects, study tours, interchanges and training sessions with foreign law enforcement agencies, competition authorities and multilateral organizations.
7.0.6. Requests for Contacts 47 27 74 N/A 40 N/A N/A Number of inbound and outbound information requests for contacts involving other agencies (e.g., CADE, S. Africa).
Domestic
7.0.7. Formal domestic partnerships signed 0 0 0 29 3 26 20 Number of domestic partnerships in which the Bureau participates where Memoranda of Understanding or other agreements have been put in place.

Glossary

Alternative Case Resolution
An alternative case resolution is an intervention that resolves concerns of non-compliance without the need for litigation before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts. Through a range of instruments (for example, information letters, targeted inspections), the Competition Bureau may facilitate voluntary compliance by identifying the issue to the business or individual at an early stage.
CA Identification Number
The CA Identification Number is an identification number registered for the exclusive use of a Canadian dealer on the label of a consumer textile article in place of a name and postal address (as per the Textile Labelling Act).
Competition Act
The Competition Act is a federal law governing most business conduct in Canada. It contains both criminal and civil provisions aimed at preventing anti-competitive practices in the marketplace.
Compliance Assessment
An examination of a program, activity or individual transaction to ensure that it conforms to legislation, regulations and administrative directives.
Corporate Compliance Program
A corporate compliance program implemented within businesses, helps identify the boundaries of permissible conduct, as well as identify situations where it would be advisable to seek legal advice. Implementing a corporate compliance program can, in certain circumstances, be ordered by a court, agreed to in a consent agreement or be required as part of an alternative case resolution as a condition of the Competition Bureau not pursuing further enforcement action.
Competition Tribunal
The Competition Tribunal is a specialized tribunal that combines expertise in economics and business with expertise in law. The Tribunal is a strictly adjudicative body that operates independently of any government department.
Complex Mergers
Complex mergers involve proposed transactions between competitors, or between customers and suppliers, where there are indications that the transaction may, or is likely to, create, maintain or enhance market power. Proposed transactions, where the combined post-merger market share of the parties is potentially 35% or more, are generally classified as complex.
Consent Agreement
A consent agreement is a negotiated settlement which is registered with the Competition Tribunal that, when registered, has the force of a court order; any violations of its terms may result in criminal penalties, including fines and imprisonment.
Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act
The Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act is a statute relating to the packaging, labelling, sale, importation and advertising of prepackaged and certain other products.
Courts
Under the criminal regime of the Competition Act, as well as under the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act and the Textile Labelling Act, certain practices may be brought before the Courts, which include the Federal Court or the Superior Court of a province. Under the civil regime of the Competition Act, certain practices may be brought for review before the Competition Tribunal, the Federal Court or the Superior Court of a province.
Immunity
A party may receive immunity from prosecution from the Director of Public Prosecutions if the party discloses to the Competition Bureau an offence not yet detected or provides evidence that warrants a referral to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada and also provided that the party cooperates with the Bureau and any subsequent prosecution.
Inquiry
A formal process commenced when the Commissioner has reason to believe that an order has been contravened, grounds exist for the making of an order or an offence has been or is about to be committed, or on application under section 9 or when directed by the Minister and when he considers it necessary with a view to determining the facts. Initiating an inquiry allows the Commissioner to seek authorization from the Courts to use certain formal powers, for example, orders under section 11 of the Competition Act to compel persons to provide, under oath, testimony, records or written returns of information in furtherance of the inquiry.
Investigation
A civil (non-merger) or criminal investigation under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Textile Labelling Act or the Precious Metals Marking Act (includes inquiries).
Leniency
A party may receive lenient treatment in sentencing (upon recommendation by the Competition Bureau to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada) if the party pleads guilty to a cartel offence(s) and agrees to cooperate with the investigation and any prosecution.
Market Study
A study on the influences of consumer behaviour and the analysis of market characteristics and trends. It is designed to improve the Bureau's understanding of the effects of competition on the economy.
Merger Review
A review of a merger transaction under the Competition Act.
Non-Complex Mergers
Non-complex mergers are readily identifiable by the clear absence of competition issues, and include transactions where there is no or minimal overlap between parties, assuming properly defined product and geographic markets. Minimal overlap includes a combined post-merger market share of less than 10% in any relevant market.
Precious Metals Marking Act
The Precious Metals Marking Act is a statute relating to the marking of articles containing precious metals.
Section 11 Order
A section 11 order allows the Commissioner to obtain information from persons who have or are likely to have information that is relevant to a matter under inquiry pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act.
Textile Labelling Act
The Textile Labelling Act is a statute relating to the labelling, sale, importation and advertising of consumer textile articles.
The Competition Advocate
A short commentary, published periodically, that offers the Bureau's views on industries that may benefit from increased competition.
Written Opinions
Written opinions are issued on the applicability of one or more provisions of the Competition Act or regulations to a proposed practice or conduct. They are binding on the Commissioner if all the material facts have been submitted, are accurate, and remain substantially unchanged. The Commissioner has the sole discretion to decline to issue a written opinion.
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