Number 11: Corporate Spin-Offs
Pre-Merger Notification Interpretation Guidelines
June 20, 2011
This publication replaces the following Competition Bureau publication:
Enforcement Guidelines — Notifiable Transactions under Part IX of the Competition Act — Interpretation Guidelines, April 25, 2000
This Interpretation Guideline is issued by the Commissioner of Competition ("Commissioner"), who is responsible for the administration and enforcement of the Competition Act ("Act"). The purpose of this Guideline is to assist parties and their counsel in interpreting and applying the provisions of the Act relating to notifiable transactions. This Guideline sets out the general approach taken by the Competition Bureau ("Bureau") and supersedes all previous statements made by the Commissioner or other Bureau officials. This Guideline is not intended to be a binding statement of how discretion will be exercised in a particular situation and should not be taken as such, nor is it intended to substitute for the advice of legal counsel to the parties, or to restate the law. Guidance regarding a specific proposed transaction may be requested from the Merger Notification UnitFootnote 1.
Aussi offert en français sous le titre No 11 : Dédoublements d'entreprises.
Paragraph 113(a) of the Act provides an exemption from prenotification under Part IX of the Act in cases where all parties to a transaction are affiliates of each other. The definition of affiliates for purposes of the Act is found in subsection 2(2) of the Act.
A spin‑off is a form of corporate reorganization that results in a subsidiary or division of a corporation becoming an independent company. In a spin‑off, the parent corporation transfers part of its assets to the new independent, while the shares of the independent are distributed to the shareholders of the parent without surrender by them of any stock in the parent.
Corporate spin‑offs may be treated as acquisitions of assets by the new corporate entity or acquisitions of shares of the new corporate entity and may be subject to prenotification if the party‑size and transaction‑size thresholds are exceeded, unless the affiliates exemption under paragraph 113(a) of the Act applies.
A corporation (Acorp) is a publicly traded corporation. Bcorp is the major controlling shareholder, holding 51 percent of the shares of Acorp. Ccorp is a minority shareholder with 25 percent. Acorp decides to spin off one of its divisions. For that purpose, Acorp incorporates a new, wholly‑owned subsidiary, Dcorp, and transfers all of the assets of the division, valued at $40 million in the audited financial statements of Acorp, to Dcorp in exchange for shares of Dcorp. Acorp intends to distribute the shares of Dcorp to Acorp's shareholders in equal proportions to the shares they hold in Acorp and to list the shares of Dcorp on a recognized stock exchange in Canada. After the reorganization, Bcorp will hold 51 percent of the shares of both Acorp and Dcorp. Accordingly, Bcorp's acquisition of shares in Dcorp will be exempt under paragraph 113(a) of the Act because Bcorp and Dcorp are affiliates. Similarly, Dcorp's acquisition of Acorp's assets will be exempt. However, Ccorp is not affiliated with Dcorp. If Ccorp and Dcorp (together with its affiliates, Acorp and Bcorp) meet the party‑size threshold under section 109 of the Act and given that Dcorp meets the transaction‑size threshold under subparagraph 110(3)(a)(i) of the Act, Ccorp will be required to give notice of its acquisition of a 25 percent interest in the shares of Dcorp.
A corporation (Acorp) is a widely‑held corporation traded on a stock exchange, with no one shareholder holding more than 10 percent of the outstanding shares. Acorp decides to spin off one of its divisions. For that purpose, a new corporation, Bcorp, is established. A person that is unrelated to Acorp or its shareholders initially owns Bcorp. Acorp transfers all of the assets of the division to Bcorp in exchange for substantially all of the outstanding shares of Bcorp. Acorp intends to distribute the shares of Bcorp to its shareholders in equal proportions to the shares they hold in Acorp and to list the shares of Bcorp on a recognized stock exchange in Canada. At the outset, because Acorp does not control Bcorp and they are not under common control, the exemption for affiliates under paragraph 113(a) of the Act does not apply. Accordingly, the transfer of assets from Acorp to Bcorp may be notifiable under subsection 110(2) of the Act. However, the acquisition of shares of Bcorp by the shareholders of Acorp would not be notifiable because none of the shareholders will exceed the 20 percent threshold for publicly traded voting shares under subparagraph 110(3)(b)(i) of the Act.
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