Archived — Competition Bureau Performance Measurement & Statistics Report

For the period ending March 31, 2019

The Competition Bureau's (Bureau) Performance Measurement and Statistics Report (PMSR) demonstrates progress towards the Bureau's priorities and commitments by publicly reporting on the Bureau's performance data on a semi-annual basis, broken down into Term 1 (T1) and Term 2 (T2). In support of the Bureau's commitment to enhance its performance measurement framework, the PMSR includes performance measures and results for the 2018-2019 commitments and a narrative highlighting the Bureau's performance in the areas of enforcement, advocacy, outreach, compliance and collaboration. The Report also includes the Bureau's results from the last four fiscal years.

The PMSR for each term supersedes all previous terms' PMSRs made by the Bureau (for example, Term 2 will supersede Term 1). The figures contained within this report are subject to adjustments in future publications.


Table of contents

2018-19 Commitments and Results

Priority 1 - To build confidence and support competition and innovation in the digital economy

  • Commence 10 digital economy cases; conclude 5 digital economy cases; and continue work on 50 digital economy cases
  • Strengthen the Bureau's digital economy capacity
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of digital economy cases commenced We commenced 13 digital economy cases We commenced 23 digital economy cases. In total, we commenced 36 digital economy cases during 2018-19   
# of digital economy cases concluded We concluded 11 digital economy cases We concluded 13 digital economy cases. In total, we concluded 24 digital cases during 2018-19
# of ongoing digital economy cases We continued work on 28 digital economy cases We continued work on 30 digital economy cases at the end of 2018-19
# of capacity-building initiatives related to digital economy We initiated 2 capacity-building initiatives related to the digital economy, including by sending a competition officer on secondment with a FinTech company We initiated 8 capacity-building initiatives related to the digital economy during the term, bringing the total number of capacity-building initiatives to 10 for the 2018-19 fiscal year

Priority 2 - To safeguard the Government's investments in infrastructure

  • Conduct 10 promotional activities in support of the Federal Contracting Fraud Tip Line
  • Publish the final draft of the Immunity and Leniency Programs
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of promotional activities We held 4 promotional activity in relation to the Federal Contracting Fraud Tip Line We held 8 promotional activities in relation to the Federal Contracting Fraud Tip Line, bringing the total number of promotional activities to 12 for the 2018-19 fiscal year
Revised Immunity and Leniency Programs published We published the final Revised Immunity and Leniency Programs on Sept 27, 2018. In May 2018, we published the draft Immunity and Leniency Program on the Bureau's website for public consultation We published the Revised Immunity and Leniency Programs in September 2018

Priority 3 - To promote compliance with the Competition Act and the adoption of credible and effective compliance programs

  • Deliver 15 bid-rigging presentations to public procurement agencies and communities
  • Deliver 15 compliance presentations to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), in-house counsel or "umbrella" trade associations
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of compliance presentations to public procurement agencies (federal, provincial, and municipal) We delivered 6 compliance and bid-rigging presentations to public procurement agencies and communities, including to Public Service and Procurement Canada (PSPC) and the Canadian Public Procurement Council Forum We delivered 16 compliance and bid-rigging presentations to public procurement agencies and communities, including to Public Services and Procurement Canada- Construction Services Division, and the City of Saskatoon and City of Mississauga staff. In total, we delivered 22 presentations to public procurement agencies during 2018-19
# of compliance presentations to small and medium businesses We delivered a presentation to the CBA's Corporate Counsel and Compliance Committee We delivered 12 presentations to SMEs and trade associations, including at the Canadian Institute Annual Construction Law Conference and Futurpreneurs G20 Young Entrepreneurs' Alliance Training Day. We delivered 15 presentations to these communities in 2018-19
# of compliance presentations to in-house counsel We delivered a compliance presentation to Futurpreneur Canada, an organization dedicated to advancing the interests of SMEs and start-ups  
# of compliance presentations to trade associations We delivered a presentation on anti-fraud, the Little Black Book of Scams, and compliance at the National Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (Ottawa chapter)  

Priority 4 - To support competition and innovation in health/biosciences sector

  • Hold 7 meetings with domestic and international agencies or regulators
  • Complete 1 agreement with domestic and international agencies or regulators
  • Post 2 guidance documents
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of meetings with domestic and international agencies or regulators We held 10 meetings with domestic and international agencies or regulators in support of competition and innovation in the health/biosciences sector, including meetings with Health Canada, the New Brunswick Ministry of Health and the UK Competition and Markets Authority (UK-CMA) We held 9 meetings with domestic and international agencies or regulators in support of competition and innovation in the health/biosciences sector, including with Health Canada, the US Federal Trade Commission and the Canadian Intellectual Property Office. We concluded the year with 19 meetings with domestic and international agencies or regulators
# of agreements with domestic and international regulators   We did not sign any domestic or international cooperation agreements in 2018-19
# of guidance documents posted   We  published 2 guidance documents in support of competition and innovation in the health/bioscience sector: Competition Bureau statement regarding its inquiry into alleged anti-competitive conduct by Janssen and the Competition Bureau Statement Regarding its Investigation into Alleged Practices of Celgene, Pfizer, Sanofi

Priority 5 - To ensure consumers and businesses have helpful and timely information to allow them to make informed decisions

  • Publish 12 consumer or business alerts
  • Increase reach of Fraud Prevention Month  (March 2019) campaign on Twitter by 5%
  • Increase the number of partners supporting and communicating messaging on Fraud Prevention month (March 2019) by 10%
  • Launch a Call for Information for the digital pricing practices study in the summer of 2018
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of consumer and business alerts published We published 8 consumer and business alerts We published 5 consumer alerts, bringing the total number of consumer and business alerts published in the 2018-19 fiscal year to 13
Percentage increase in reach of Fraud Prevention Month   We did not meet our target for Fraud Prevention Month as the #FPM2019 and #MPF2019 hashtags reached 23.8% fewer users than the #FPM2018 and #MPF2018 hashtags
Percentage increase in # of partners supporting and communicating messaging on Fraud Prevention   The Fraud Prevention Forum increased its membership by 15% between the end of the 2018 campaign and the 2019 campaign
Call for Information for digital pricing study launched The Bureau is not proceeding with the digital pricing study, as a study has recently been published on the issue. We believe our study would be duplicative and add little value to the subjectFootnote 1  

Priority 6 - To communicate the Bureau's policies in an effort to further promote transparency surrounding enforcement and advocacy

  • Publish revised Abuse of Dominance Guidelines
  • Publish draft Market Studies Information Bulletin
  • Publish a new volume of the Deceptive Marketing Practices Digest
  • Publish revised Intellectual Property Enforcement Guidelines (IPEGs)
  • Publish guidelines on merger efficiencies
  • Increase social media engagement and social media followings by 10%
  • Implement a social media strategy
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
Abuse of Dominance Guidelines published Work on the revised Abuse of Dominance Guidelines continues in light of feedback received in response to the public consultation We published the revised Abuse of Dominance Guidelines in March 2019
Draft Market Studies Information Bulletin published We published the final Market Study Information Bulletin in September 2018. In May 2018, we published a draft of the Bulletin on the Bureau's website for public consultation  
New volume of Deceptive Marketing Practices Digest published We published Volume 4 of the Deceptive Marketing Practices Digest  
Revised IPEGs published We conducted research, and a draft paper is in progress for the revised IPEGs We published the revised Intellectual Property Enforcement Guidelines in March 2019
Guidelines on merger efficiencies published We published the draft Merger Efficiencies Guide  
% increase in of social media followings We increased our social media followings by 2.71% We increased our social media followings by 12.82%. We recorded a 15% increase for the 2018-19 fiscal year
Social media strategy implemented We took steps toward the development of a social media strategy We are currently developing a communications strategy, which will include a section on social media. The project is expected to be completed by Fall 2019

Priority 7 - To advocate for regulators and policymakers to take a pro-competitive and innovation-friendly approach to regulations

  • Publish a market study notice
  • Provide 4 representations before regulatory bodies
  • Conduct 20 other advocacy interventions Footnote 2
  • Conduct 10 FinTech-focused advocacy interventions
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
Market study notice published We published the market study notice on competition in broadband services in May 2018 The market study notice on competition in broadband services was published in in May 2018
# of representations before regulatory bodies We made 4 representations before regulatory bodies by making submissions to the British Columbia Securities Commission; to the CRTC on low cost data plans  and on aggressive retail sales practices by telecommunications carriers; and to the Department of Finance regarding its consultation paper on money laundering and terrorist financing We made 4 representations before regulatory bodies by making submissions to the Canadian Radio-Television and Communications Commission on Internet Code, the Broadcasting and Telecommunications Legislative Review Panel, and the British Columbia Legislative Assembly on Transportation Network Service Regulation. Eight representations were made to regulatory bodies during 2018-19
# of advocacy interventions We conducted 5 advocacy interventions We conducted 4 advocacy interventions in the second term, bringing the total number of interventions at year-end to 9
# of FinTech-focused interventions We conducted 12 FinTech focused intervention, including by making submissions to Canadian federal and provincial regulators, such as the Department of Finance and the British Columbia Securities Commission; speaking at the InfoNex FinTech Risk and Opportunities Canada Summit; and participating in the Chatham House 2018 Global Competition Policy Committee Conference We conducted 5 FinTech focused interventions, including a submission to the Department of Finance on their review into the Merits of Open Banking. We also participated in multiple FinTech focused conferences including Northwinds, Langdon Hall, and the 2018 CEO Summit. In total, we conducted 17 FinTech-focused interventions in 2018-19

Priority 8 - Explore a trend or emerging issue from a competition perspective, and articulate the Bureau's approach in enforcement matters

  • Conduct a study on merger efficiencies
  • Explore an emerging issue linked to innovation
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
Study on merger efficiencies published We met with partners and conducted research on the merger efficiencies study. A draft paper is in progress. The Merger Efficiency Study has been cancelled and no report will be produced due to insufficient information available to answer the main research questions
Emerging issue linked to innovation examined Bureau officers conducted research into an emerging issue linked to innovation and are drafting a document to be submitted for publication in an antitrust journal The study on innovation has been published in the Canadian Competition Law Review Spring 2019 edition. The study, entitled ‘Canada's (In)Efficiency Defence: Why Section 96 May Do More Harm Than Good For Economic Efficiency And Innovation', was discussed at the Canadian Economics Association conference in June 2019

Priority 9 - To Encourage competition policy dialogue and continue to strengthen and develop domestic partnerships

  • Hold 5 bilateral meetings with other government agencies
  • Hold 5 meetings with new stakeholders
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of bilateral meetings with other government agencies We held 51 meetings with other government agencies including Transport Canada, the Canadian Transportation Agency and Public Services and Procurement Canada (PSPC) We held 53 meetings with other government agencies including the RCMP, Natural Resources Canada, and Public Services and the Canadian Border Services Agency
# of meetings with new stakeholders We held 13 meetings with new stakeholders We held 22 meetings with new stakeholders, bringing the total number of meetings with new stakeholders to 35 in 2018-19

Priority 10 - To Strengthen collaboration and comity between international partners to further promote and protect a competitive marketplace, address anti-competitive activity that crosses borders, and promote sound competition policies internationally

  • Engage in 2 capacity-building initiatives
  • Engage in 2 staff exchanges with international counterparts
  • Sign 2 cooperation instruments
  • Attend or organize 9 seminars or workshops
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of capacity-building initiatives We engaged in 3 capacity-building initiatives with international partners: Bureau officers attended a Mergers team lead meeting in Brasilia, Brazil; we hosted the Guatemalan Advisor to the President of the Commission on Economy and Foreign Trade; and, an officer participated in the Regional Antitrust Seminar on E-Commerce and Competition in Bali, Indonesia We engaged in 5 capacity-building initiatives with international partners in the second term, including by hosting the Joint Director (Law) from the Competition Commission of India for a staff exchange, and by providing technical training to 63 delegates from 8 African countries in advance of the International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network's Best Practices Workshop in Zambia. We engaged in 8 capacity-building initiatives in 2018-19
# of staff exchanges   We engaged in 1 staff exchange with the Competition Commission of India in 2018-19
# of cooperation instruments signed   We did not sign any international cooperation agreements in 2018-19
# of seminars or workshops organized We participated in 6 international meetings or workshops, including the International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network (ICPEN) meeting and conference in Istanbul, Turkey (April 2018), the International Competition Network (ICN) Chief Economist Workshop in Seoul, South Korea (May 2018), and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Sub-Regional Workshop on Big Data and Competition Law in Singapore (August 2018) We participated 21 international meetings or workshops, including the Competition Policy International & Computer & Communications Industry Association meetings at Harvard Law School, and the Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Work/BWB Workshop on Complex Cartel Management in Vienna. We concluded the year by participating in 27 international meetings or workshops in 2018-19

Priority 11 - To maintain a high‑performing workforce by continuing to implement the Bureau's Talent Management Strategy and promoting a respectful, civil, diverse, healthy and inclusive work environment

  • Offer training or information sessions to staff, including on leadership and language training
  • Carry out 1 activity related to workplace wellness, Official Languages, and diversity and inclusiveness per month
  • Develop and partially roll out Criminal Investigator Training Program for Cartels and Deceptive Marketing Practices Branch officers and paralegals
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of training or information sessions offered We offered 37 training and information sessions to employees We offered 19 training and information sessions to employees, bringing the total number of sessions offered to staff in 2018-19 to 56
# of activities related to workplace wellness, Official Languages, and diversity and inclusiveness We advertised 29 events related to workplace wellness, official languages and diversity and inclusiveness to employees, including Mental Health Month in May 2018 We advertised 11 events related to workplace wellness, official languages, and diversity & inclusiveness to employees in the second term, including panel discussions for International Women's Day, the Second Language New Years Resolution Challenge and a Mindfulness Challenge. In total, we advertised 40 events to employees during 2018-19
Criminal Investigator Training Program developed and partially rolled-out   We are currently developing the Criminal Investigator Training Program, which will be rolled out in Fall 2019

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Highlights for term 1

This section provides an overview of the Bureau's newsworthy and public-facing activities for the term and includes explanations behind significant variances in the data, as required.

The Bureau achieved significant results in the first term of 2018-2019 (April 1, 2018 – September 30, 2018). In May 2018, we released the Bureau's 2018-19 Annual Plan, which outlines our priorities and commitments for the 2018-19 fiscal year. We also published an impact report that provides an at-a-glance summary of the Bureau's achievements over the course of our first three-year strategic vision (2015-2018).

Comparison of Digital Economy Cases in Term 1 (2016-17 to 2018-19)
18/19 T1 17/18 T1 16/17 T1
Commenced 12 15 17
Closed 10 12 12

To strengthen Canadians' trust in the digital economy, we commenced 12 digital economy cases, completed 10 cases and are continuing work on 27 digital economy cases. We also built trust in the digital economy by issuing letters to operators of online video services in Canada, advising them to review their marketing practices to ensure they are transparent in their terms and conditions.

Throughout last term, we worked on high-impact enforcement cases targeting anti-competitive practices in various sectors of economy and achieving results for Canadians. In June 2018, we took a stand against bid-rigging by laying criminal charges against four individuals for allegedly conspiring to rig bids for 21 City of Gatineau infrastructure contracts between 2004 and 2008. This action reflects our commitment to safeguard infrastructure spending at all levels of government. We also achieved a win for innovation and competition in the real-estate sector after the Supreme Court of Canada dismissed the Toronto Real Estate Board's application to appeal the Federal Court of Appeal's decision to uphold the Competition Tribunal's order addressing its anti-competitive conduct. The decision paves the way for greater competition in Canada's largest real estate market. Finally, last term, we fulfilled our commitment to strengthen effective enforcement and prosecutions in Canada by launching the revised Immunity and Leniency Program alongside the Public Prosecution Service of Canada. The program enhances Canada's ability to detect, investigate, and prosecute unlawful conduct that may violate the criminal provisions of the Competition Act.

Comparison of Merger Reviews Completed in Term 1 (2015-16 to 2018-19)
18/19 T1 17/18 T1 16/17 T1 15/16 T1
Concluded 114 122 128 124

Last term, we reviewed mergers in various sectors of the economy to ensure they will not substantially lessen or prevent competition. We maintained competition in the market for pharmacy distribution and franchising services by entering into a Consent Agreement with METRO Inc. to address concerns related to its proposed acquisition of The Jean Coutu Group. As part of the agreement, Metro agreed to sell properties or leases in certain Quebec markets including Amos, Baie-St-Paul and Berthierville. The agreement will ensure that consumers receive a fair range of options in pharmaceutical products and services at competitive prices. We also protected competition in the market for the supply of French language television programming services by informing Bell that the Commissioner of Competition would not approve its proposal to reacquire Corus Entertainment Inc.'s French language channels, Historia and Series+.

3,600 Visits to Consumer Alerts

The Bureau is committed to providing consumers with timely information that will allow them to make informed decisions. To equip Canadians with information to protect themselves from deceptive marketing practices, scams and misleading advertising, we released six consumer alerts in the previous term, including alerts on the differences between illegal pyramid schemes and legitimate multi-level marketing plans, ways Canadians can make informed purchasing decisions when buying leather products, charity scams and house and apartment rental scams during the peak of moving season.

We understand the importance of advocating the benefits of a competitive marketplace in Canada. Last term, we followed through on our commitment to advocate for pro-competitive and innovation-friendly approaches to regulations by making submissions to: the CRTC on low cost data plans  and on aggressive retail sales practices by telecommunications carriers; the Department of Finance regarding its consultation paper on money laundering and terrorist financing; and the British Columbia Securities Commission regarding its public consultation on its "Securities Law Framework for Fintech Regulation" notice. In July 2018, we released the latest issue of the Competition Advocate, titled "Bringing Competition into Focus," which looked at regulation in the eyewear industry and its potential effect on consumers' ability to buy prescription eyewear online. In May 2018, we launched a market study on consumer habits in purchasing internet services to help the Bureau better understand the competition dynamics within the Canadian broadband sector. We also released a progress report on the Bureau's FinTech Market Study that reviews some recent regulatory and policy changes in line with recommendations we made last year. Finally, to keep the public informed on how we carry out our studies, we published an Information Bulletin on how we select, scope and conduct market studies.

Comparison of Formal Partnerships in Term 1 (2015-16 to 2018-19)
18/19 T1 17/18 T1 16/17 T1 15/16 T1
Domestic 2 0 3 2
International 0 2 1 1

The Bureau recognizes the value of fostering and maintaining relationships with domestic and international partners. To strengthen our relationship with domestic partners, we signed two Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) during the first term. In April 2018, we signed an MOU with the Spectrum and Telecommunications Sector of Innovation, Science, and Economic Development Canada (ISED) to create a framework for cooperation so that both organizations can gain from each other's expertise. We also signed an Administrative Note on Communication with the Investment Review Division of ISED to increase transparency on the nature and scope of communications between the two groups. To enhance our international partnerships, we participated in formal meetings with other competition agencies, including the New Zealand Commerce Commission, the United Kingdom Competition and Markets Authority and the European Commission Directorate General of Competition. As co-chair of the International Competition Network's (ICN) Agency Effectiveness Working Group, we co-organized the joint ICN—Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Competition Economics Workshop for Chief and Senior Economists. The conference was an opportunity for global experts in competition and economics to discuss emerging issues and share best practices. Finally, Bureau officers also participated in meetings with the International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network and the OECD Competition Committee.

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Highlights for this term

This section provides an overview of some of the Bureau's key results for the term and includes explanations behind significant variances in the data, as required.

The Bureau had a successful 2018-19 fiscal year, meeting many of the objectives outlined in its 2018-2019 Annual Plan. For details on our key achievements for 2018-19, please see the Competition Bureau 2018-19 Year at a Glance.

Infographic

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Intake

The Competition Bureau receives a variety of requests for information.

1.0 – Information centre requests

The Bureau receives enquiries and complaints from members of the public via the Information Centre (primary point of entry for requests).

Table 1.0.1. – Top 5 Complaints by business conduct (Sections of the Competition Act)
2018-19 2017-18
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
End of Year Result
  1. False or misleading representations
  2. Abuse of dominance
  3. Sale above advertised price
  4. Price fixing
  5. Deceptive telemarketing
  1. False or misleading representations
  2. Abuse of dominance
  3. Sale above advertised price
  4. Bait and switch
  5. Price fixing
  1. False or misleading representations
  2. Abuse of dominance
  3. Sale above advertised price
  4. Price fixing
  5. Bait and switch
  1. False or Misleading Representations
  2. Abuse of Dominance
  3. Sale Above Advertised Price
  4. Deceptive Telemarketing
  5. Ordinary Selling Price Claims
Table 1.0.2. – Complaints
The number of complaints submitted to the Bureau (assigned to responsible Branch/ Directorate/Unit) that relate to the Bureau's four statutes (Competition Act, Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act).
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Directorate 52 28 80 85 N/A N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Directorate 1,060 1,202 2,262 2,036 N/A N/A N/A
Monopolistic Practices Directorate 196 168 364 342 N/A N/A N/A
Mergers Directorate 3 2 5 37 N/A N/A N/A
Competition Promotion Branch 0 2 2 8 N/A N/A N/A
Information Centre 342 458 800 1,227 3,592 3,018 N/A
Total Complaints 1,653 1,860 3,513 3,735 3,592 3,018 N/A
Table 1.0.3. – Questions
Number of questions submitted to the Bureau (assigned to responsible Branch/ Directorate/Unit) that relate to the Bureau's four statutes (listed above). Does not include written opinions.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Directorate 19 14 33 46 N/A N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Directorate 53 58 111 174 N/A N/A N/A
Monopolistic Practices Directorate 14 13 27 23 N/A N/A N/A
Mergers Directorate 4 11 15 39 N/A N/A N/A
Competition Promotion Branch 3 5 8 10 N/A N/A N/A
Information Centre 2,862 2,919 5,781 6,312 6,997 7,915 N/A
Total Questions 2,955 3,020 5,975 6,604 6,997 7,915 N/A
Table 1.0.4. – Comments
The number of comments submitted to the Bureau, such as merger feedback forms and advocacy suggestion forms.
2018-19 2017-18 Total 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
70 76 146 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Table 1.0.5. – No Issues
The number of complaints or questions (or comments) submitted to the Bureau that do not relate to the Bureau's four statutes.
2018-19 2017-18 Total 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
224 249 473 488 N/A N/A N/A
Table 1.0.6. – Textile Labelling CA Identification Number Applications
Canadian manufacturers, processors or finishers of a textile fibre product, and Canadians in the business of importing or selling textile fibre products, can register for a CA Identification Number. The number is issued by the Bureau upon request.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Voluntary refund / cancelled 36 34 70 70 N/A N/A N/A
Pending 14 6 20 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Completed 427 457 884 1,021 N/A N/A N/A
Total Applications 477 497 974 1,125 969 812 766
Table 1.0.7. – Textile Labelling CA Identification Number Service Standard Met (%)
The service standards are 5 business days for an online application and 20 business days for an application by mail. The Bureau strives to meet its service standard on all requests, with a target of 90%.
2018-19 2017-18 Total 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
99.5% 99.5% 99.5% 97% 98% 99% N/A
Table 1.0.8. – Tips Received Through the Federal Contracting Tip Line
2018-19 2017-18 Total 2016-17 Total 2015-16 Total 2014-15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
68 23 91 136 N/A N/A N/A

1.1 – Other requests

The Bureau receives media requests via the Media Relations Team.

Table 1.1.1. – Media requests
Number of media requests received by the Bureau.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
155 172 327 458 301 490 532
Table 1.1.2. – Written Opinions Requested
Number of requests, pursuant to section 124.1 of the Competition Act, submitted to the Bureau for written opinions on the applicability of one or more provisions of the Competition Act or regulations to a proposed practice or conduct.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Complex 9 5 14 15 19 25 15
Table 1.1.3. – Written Opinions Completed
Number of completed written opinions, pursuant to section 124.1 of the Competition Act, on the applicability of one or more provisions of the Competition Act or regulations to a proposed practice or conduct.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Complex 5 5 10 10 17 24 10
Table 1.1.4. – Written Opinion Service Standard Met (%)
Service standards range from two weeks to ten weeks, depending on the section of the Act and level of complexity.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex N/A 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Complex 63% 60% 61.5% 54.3% 60% 65% 100%

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2.0 – Enforcement

The Competition Bureau enforces the provisions of Canada's Competition Act that address anti-competitive practices and misleading advertising, as well as theConsumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act.

Enforcement – Non merger

Table 2.0.1. – Commenced
Number of investigations and compliance assessments that were commenced. Not all complaints and information requests will become investigations.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 7 6 13 15 17 25 11
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 14 21 35 38 49 33 37
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 4 5 9 5 8 8 7
Total 25 32 57 58 74 66 55
Table 2.0.2. – Closed
Number of investigations and compliance assessments that were closed.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 10 2 12 18 16 22 8
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 11 13 24 60 27 33 29
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 2 3 5 7 18 7 10
Total 23 18 41 83 61 62 47
Table 2.0.3. – Total ongoing
Number of investigations and compliance assessments ongoing at the end of the previous term.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
YTD
Cartels Enforcement 39 36 40 42 44 43 45
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 36 39 47 54 77 55 47
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 8 10 12 15 17 27 17
Total 83 85 99 111 138 125 109
Table 2.0.4. – Investigations Concluded- Monitoring
Number of concluded matters in the monitoring phase.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 17 3 3 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 7 7 7 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total 24 10 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A

Inquiries

Table 2.0.5. – Commenced
Number of investigations for which an inquiry has been commenced pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 5 5 4 2
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 1 5 6 7 8 5 4
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 1 0 1 4 4 3 2
Total 2 5 7 16 17 12 8
Table 2.0.6. – Discontinued
Number of inquiries discontinued pursuant to section 22 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 4 4 1
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 2 0 2 5 1 2 1
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 1 3 4 3 8 2 1
Total 3 3 6 8 13 8 3
Table 2.0.7. – Search warrants
Number of search warrants issued, including multiple orders for a single investigation.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 12 0 12 40 2 12 24
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 11 11 2 9 1 1
Total 12 11 23 42 11 13 25
Table 2.0.8. – Section 11 orders
Number of section 11 orders issued, including multiple orders for a single investigation.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 2 2 0 142 0 0
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 11 1 2
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 3 3 7 9 14 17
Total 0 5 5 7 162 15 19
Table 2.0.9. – Production orders
Number of production orders issued under the Criminal Code of Canada including multiple orders for a single investigation.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 4 5 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 8 8 8 5 11 20
Total 0 8 8 12 10 N/A N/A
Table 2.0.10. – Immunity markers granted to applicants
Number of immunity markers granted by the Cartels and Deceptive Marketing Practices Branch.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 2 1 3 7 27 31 20
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 2 1 3 7 27 31 20
Table 2.0.11. – Leniency markers granted to applicants
Number of leniency markers granted by the Cartels Directorate.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 1 6 12 17
Total 0 0 0 1 6 12 17

2.1 – Referral stage

Following an investigation and a recommendation by the Competition Bureau, criminal matters are referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for determination on the laying of charges. Competition Bureau action is contingent on the Public Prosecution Service of Canada's decision (e.g., initiating a prosecution; concurring with leniency recommendation which leads to a plea agreement and, eventually a guilty plea).

Table 2.1.1. – Recommendations for immunity made
Number of immunity recommendations made to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada reported semi-annually.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 1 3 4 2 2 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 1 3 4 2 2 N/A N/A
Table 2.1.2. – Recommendations for leniency made
Number of leniency recommendations made to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada reported semi-annually.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 2 1 N/A N/A
Total 0 0 0 2 1 N/A N/A
Table 2.1.3. – Investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada
Number of investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for consideration and action.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 1 1 0 2 2 4
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 1 1 1 0 0 1
Total 0 2 2 1 2 2 5
Table 2.1.4. – Investigations and leniency recommendations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada awaiting decision
Number of investigations and leniency recommendations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada awaiting decision as of the previous reporting period.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 9 7 7 9 8 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A
Total 9 7 7 9 8 N/A N/A
Table 2.1.5. – Investigations sent back to the Competition Bureau by the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for additional investigation
Number of investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada and returned to the Competition Bureau for further investigation.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 2 0 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A
Total 0 0 0 2 0 N/A N/A
Table 2.1.6. – Investigations where charges were not laid
Number of investigations where charges were not laid by the Bureau following considerations by the Public Prosecution Service of Canada.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 1 2 3 0 0 N/A N/A
Total 1 2 3 0 1 N/A N/A

2.2 – Contested investigation - Before the Courts or Competition Tribunal

Table 2.2.1. – Civil applications filed with the Competition Tribunal
Number of civil applications brought by the Commissioner before the Competition Tribunal. This excludes applications to vary or rescind consent agreements or orders under sections 74.13 or 106; applications for interim orders or injunctions under sections 74.111, 103.3 or 104; and applications related to private access under section 106.1 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 1 2 1 1
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 2 0 N/A
Total 0 0 0 1 4 1 N/A
Table 2.2.2. – Ongoing civil applications before the Competition Tribunal
Number of ongoing civil applications at the end of the previous term before the Competition Tribunal. This excludes applications to vary or rescind consent agreements or orders under sections 74.13 or 106; applications for interim orders or injunctions under sections 74.111, 103.3 or 104; and applications related to private access under section 106.1 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 1 1 1 2 2 1 4
Total 3 3 3 3 3 2 5
Table 2.2.3. – Civil applications filed before the Courts
Number of ongoing civil applications at the end of the previous term before the Competition Tribunal. This excludes applications to vary or rescind consent agreements or orders under sections 74.13 or 106; applications for interim orders or injunctions under sections 74.111, 103.3 or 104; and applications related to private access under section 106.1 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Table 2.2.4. – Ongoing civil applications before the Courts
Number of ongoing civil applications filed related to investigations filed before the Courts other than the Competition Tribunal at the end of the previous term related to substantive investigations. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 1 2 2 2
Total 0 0 0 1 2 2 2
Table 2.2.5. – Individuals charged
Number of individuals criminally charged following a Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 4 0 4 0 0 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 4 0 4 0 0 N/A N/A
Table 2.2.6. – Companies charged
Number of companies criminally charged following a Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A
Table 2.2.7. – Investigations where charges were laid
Number of investigations where criminal charges were laid following a Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 1 0 1 0 1 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 1 0 1 0 1 N/A N/A
Table 2.2.8. – Appeals filed
Number of appeals filed with a Provincial or Territorial Court of Appeal, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or the Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 or s. 106 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 1 1 1 N/A
Total 0 0 0 2 1 1 N/A
Table 2.2.9. – Appeals ongoing
Number of ongoing appeals filed with a Provincial or Territorial Court of Appeal, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or the Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 or s. 106 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 7 0 N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 1 0 1 1 1 0 N/A
Total 1 0 1 1 8 0 N/A

2.3 – Resolutions & outcomes

Table 2.3.1. – Alternative Case Resolutions
Number of Alternative Case Resolutions (ACRs) reached.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 3 3 6 5 9 8 9
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 11 16 27 30 21 20 14
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 6 6 1 4 3 1
Total 14 25 39 36 33 31 24
Table 2.3.2. – Registered Consent Agreements (non-merger)
Number of non-merger Consent Agreements registered with the Competition Tribunal or Courts pursuant to section 74.12 or 105 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 1 1 4 7 4 3
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 2 4 1 1
Total 0 1 1 6 11 5 4
Table 2.3.3. – Guilty pleas (non-contested proceedings)
Number of guilty pleas without contested proceedings by individuals or companies for an offence under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act or the Textile Labelling Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 1 1 2 4 5 7 6
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 1 1 2 4 5 7 6
Table 2.3.4. – Guilty pleas (contested proceedings)
Number of guilty pleas during contested proceedings by individuals or companies for an offence under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act or the Textile Labelling Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 4 0 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 3 1 5 1
Total 0 0 0 7 1 N/A N/A
Table 2.3.5. – Convictions (excluding guilty pleas)
Number of convictions resulting from contested proceedings (includes sections 65 and 66) under the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Table 2.3.6. – Stay of proceedings
Number of prosecutions in which the Public Prosecution Service of Canada entered a stay of proceedings.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 1 0 1 2 0 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 8 0 1 1
Total 1 0 1 10 0 N/A N/A
Table 2.3.7. – Prohibition orders with conviction
All prohibition orders with conviction (subsection 34(1)) under the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 3 2 4 0
Total 0 0 0 3 2 4 0
Table 2.3.8. – Prohibition orders without conviction
All prohibition orders without conviction (subsection 34(2)) under the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 2 2 0 0 0 0
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
Total 0 2 2 2 0 0 0
Table 2.3.9. – Interim orders and injunctions
All interim injunctions (section 33) and Interim Orders (s. 74.111, s. 103.3 and s. 104) under the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Table 2.3.10. – Total fines imposed (millions)
Dollar value of fines imposed upon companies and individuals by the Courts.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement $0 $1.3 $1.3 $14.83 $13.28 $3.18 $8.65
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement $0 0 $0 $0.18 $0.45 $0.06 $0.164
Total $0 $1.3 $1.3 $15.01 $13.73 $3.24 $8.81
Table 2.3.11. – Total Settlements pursuant to section 34.(2) and 34 (2.1) (millions)
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement $0 $5.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total $0 $5.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Table 2.3.12. – Individuals sentenced
Number of individuals sentenced under the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 1 1 1 2 2 2
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 4 1 4 2
Total 0 1 1 5 3 6 4
Table 2.3.13. – Companies sentenced
Number of companies sentenced under the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 6 3 6 4
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
Total 0 0 0 7 4 6 4
Table 2.3.14. – Combined jail time imposed (months)
Months of jail time imposed.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 33 18 14
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 66 16 45 18
Total 0 0 0 66 49 63 32
Table 2.3.15. – Total administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) (millions) (non-merger)
Dollar value of AMPs imposed by the Competition Tribunal, the Courts or under a consent agreement.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement $0 $0.7 $0.7 $5.1 $19.3 $4.75 $5
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement $0 0 $0 $0 $0 $1 $5
Total $0 $0.7 $0.7 $5.1 $19.3 $5.75 $10
Table 2.3.16. – Total restitution (millions)
Dollar value of restitution imposed by the Competition Tribunal or the Courts.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement $0 $0 $0 $0 $11.82 $7.34 $7.11
Total $0 $0 $0 $0 $11.82 $7.34 $7.11
Table 2.3.17. – Orders issued by the Competition Tribunal (non-merger)
Number of orders issued (decision made) by the Competition Tribunal. Does not include Consent Agreements registered pursuant to sections 79.12 or 105 of the Competition Act or interim steps in a proceeding, but does include rescission or variation or a consent agreement under sections 74.13 or 106 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 1 3 0 N/A
Total 0 0 0 1 3 0 N/A
Table 2.3.18. – Total investigative costs recovered
Dollar value of investigative costs imposed by the Competition Tribunal, the Courts or under a consent agreement that are recovered by the Receiver General.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement $0 $0 $0 $0 N/A N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement $0 $0 $0 $0.08 N/A N/A N/A
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement $0 $0 $0 $0 N/A N/A N/A
Total $0 $0 $0 $0.08 N/A N/A N/A

3.0 – Enforcement – Merger related

Under the Competition Act, mergers and proposed mergers of all sizes and in all sectors of the economy are subject to review to determine whether they have resulted, or will likely result, in a substantial lessening or prevention of competition.

Merger reviews

Table 3.0.1. – Commenced
Number of merger reviews that were opened during the period.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
119 98 217 247 234 230 254
Table 3.0.2. – Pre-Merger Notification filings & Advance Ruling Certificate requests
Number of Pre-Merger Notifications (PMNs) filed pursuant to section 114(1) of the Competition Act and number of Advance Ruling Certificate (ARC) requests made pursuant to section 102 of the Competition Act. Includes reviews where either a PMN filing or an ARC request, or both occur.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
108 89 197 229 217 212 240
Table 3.0.3. – Other examinations
Number of reviews where no PMN or ARC request was received. Includes Investment Canada, and Heritage Canada applications, complaints and reviews of non-notifiable mergers initiated by the Mergers Directorate.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
11 9 20 18 17 18 14
Table 3.0.4. – Concluded
Number of merger reviews that were completed during the period.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
115 115 230 253 238 221 245
Table 3.0.5. – No enforcement action
Number of merger reviews that were completed with no enforcement action taken under the Competition Act.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
112 113 225 246 226 212 231
Table 3.0.6. – With issues under the Act
Number of merger reviews that were completed with issues under the Competition Act. Does not include ongoing proceedings before the Competition Tribunal.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
3 2 5 7 9 7 9
Table 3.0.7. – Transactions abandoned for reasons unrelated to the Bureau's position
Number of transactions (proposed mergers) abandoned for reasons other than the Bureau's position on the proposed merger.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 1 1 0 3 2 5
Table 3.0.8. – Total Ongoing Merger Reviews
Number of merger reviews ongoing at the end of the previous term.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
YTD
35 39 22 32 37 36 24

Inquiries

Table 3.0.9. – Commenced
Number of inquiries commenced pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 1 1 2 3 7 3
Table 3.0.10. – Discontinued
Number of inquiries discontinued pursuant to section 22 of the Competition Act.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 0 0 0 0 1 0

3.1 – Merger related - Concluded reviews no enforcement action

Table 3.1.1. – Advanced Ruling Certificates Issued
Number of examinations concluded with the issuance of an Advance Ruling Certificate (ARC) pursuant to section 102 of the Competition Act.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
49 43 92 91 116 83 120
Table 3.1.2. – No Action Letters Issued
Number of examinations concluded with the issuance of a No Action Letter (NAL) pursuant to the Competition Act.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
57 51 108 132 96 113 101
Table 3.1.3. – Other Examinations
Number of examinations concluded without enforcement action and without issuance of an ARC or NAL.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
5 19 24 23 14 16 10
Table 3.1.4. – Total Concluded reviews no enforcement
Number of merger reviews that were concluded with no enforcement action under the Competition Act.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
111 113 224 246 226 212 231

3.2 – Merger related - Concluded reviews with issues

Table 3.2.1. – Consent Agreements
Number of Consent Agreements registered with the Competition Tribunal pursuant to section 105 of theCompetition Act related to mergers.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
3 2 5 6 8 7 2
Table 3.2.2. – Transactions abandoned due to competition concerns
Number of proposed mergers abandoned by merging parties after being informed that the transaction raises issues under the Competition Act.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 1 1 0 1 0 2
Table 3.2.3. – Alternative Case Resolutions
Number of reviews that raised an issue under theCompetition Act but were resolved outside of proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the registering of a Consent Agreement (includes undertakings).
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 0 0 1 0 0 4
Table 3.2.4. – Section 92 reviews
Number of s.92 cases resolved. This includes Orders issued by the Competition Tribunal pursuant to s. 92 of the Competition Act, reviews where a s. 92 application is withdrawn, and final resolutions through the Court appeal process.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Table 3.2.5. – Total Concluded reviews (with issues)
Number of merger reviews that were completed with issues under the Competition Act. Does not include ongoing proceedings before the Competition Tribunal.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
3 2 5 7 9 7 9

3.3 – Merger related - Other

Table 3.3.1. – Proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts
Number of proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts. Includes ongoing section 92 matters and other matters before the Competition Tribunal (such as section 100 and 106 matters) or the courts.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Table 3.3.2. – Total Merger related administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) (millions)
Dollar value of AMPs ordered by the Competition Tribunal or the Courts
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
$0 $0 $0 $0 $0 N/A N/A
Table 3.3.3. – Supplementary Information Requests Issued for Concluded Matters
Number of concluded reviews that had requests made pursuant to section 114(2) of the Competition Act.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
5 8 13 13 22 12 10

3.4 – Merger review performance indicators

Please visit the Competition Bureau Fees and Service Standards Handbook for Mergers and Merger-Related Matters.

Table 3.4.1. – Merger Reviews Concluded (#)
Total - Total number of concluded reviews within service standards. Includes only matters with a PMN filing or an ARC request, or both.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 76 66 142 161 169 138 170
Complex 34 33 67 70 53 65 55
Total 110 99 209 231 222 203 225
Table 3.4.2. – Merger Reviews Concluded (%)
Non-Complex – Percentage of non-complex mergers reviews concluded.
Complex – Percentage of complex merger reviews concluded.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 69% 67% 68% 69.75% 77% 67% 76%
Complex 31% 33% 32% 30.25% 23% 33% 24%
Table 3.4.3. – Service Standard Met (#)
The service standard for merger reviews is 14 days for Non-Complex cases and 45 days for Complex cases.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 76 66 142 155 168 133 168
Complex 28 33 61 60 39 55 50
Total 104 99 203 215 207 188 218
Table 3.4.4. – Service Standard Met (%)
Non-Complex - The performance target for Non-Complex cases is 90%.
Complex - The performance target for Complex cases is 85%.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 100% 100% 100% 96.25% 99% 96% 99%
Complex 82% 100% 91% 85.75% 74% 85% 91%
Table 3.4.5. – Avg. Review Time (days)
Non-Complex – Average non-complex merger review time in days.
Complex – Average complex merger review time in days.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 10.00 10.8 10.4 10.59 10.48 10.61 10.55
Complex 45.5 37.7 41.6   52.75 52.14 35.87 33.35

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Competition promotion

The Bureau actively encourages the adoption of pro-competition positions, policies, and behaviours by businesses, consumers, regulators, government and international partners.

4.0 – Advocacy

The Bureau participates in a wide range of activities to promote and advocate the benefits of a competitive marketplace, both in Canada and abroad. This includes recommending that regulators and policy-makers rely on market forces as much as possible and that regulation, where required, limit competition as little as possible. Our Advocacy Portal on the Bureau's website highlights recent advocacy work conducted by the Bureau.

Table 4.0.1. – Representations before regulatory bodies
Number of interventions, submissions and appearances before regulatory bodies pursuant to our advocacy function under sections 125 and 126 of the Competition Act.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
4 4 8 3 4 4 9
Table 4.0.2. – Other advocacy interventions
Number of other interventions (outside formal interventions, submissions and appearances before regulatory bodies) may include written submissions, letters, calls and meetings with regulatory groups and other stakeholders
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
5 4 9 19 29 25 24
Table 4.0.3. – The Competition Advocate publications
Number of publications of the Competition Advocate.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
1 0 1 1 2 0 1
Table 4.0.4. – Market studies
Number of market studies completed.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 0 0 1 0 0 3

5.0 – Outreach

The Bureau promotes transparency in all its operations by engaging with stakeholders via traditional and new media channels, providing them with up to date information and guidance.

Table 5.0.1. – Presentations and Speeches
Number of presentations by Bureau officials to external stakeholders, including speaking engagements, information sessions, panel participation and outreach activities. Excluding measures relating to 5.0.2. Bid-Rigging Presentations and 6.0.1. Compliance Outreach Events.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
76 83 159 139 160 135 141
Table 5.0.2. – Bid-Rigging Presentations
Number of bid-rigging presentations to external stakeholders.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
5 9 14 22 N/A N/A N/A
Table 5.0.3. – Bid-Rigging Presentations attendees
Number of attendees at bid-rigging presentations delivered by Bureau officials.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
317 578 895 1060 N/A N/A N/A
Table 5.0.4. – Publications
Number of new publications and those that have been revised, including information bulletins, enforcement guidelines, videos, position statements, pamphlets and FAQs. Excluding measures relating to table 6: Promotion of Corporate Compliance Programs.
Measure 2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels & Deceptive Marketing Practices Branch 4 2 6 1 0 3 3
Mergers & Monopolistic Practices Branch 10 14 24 13 30 30 2
Competition Promotion Branch 45 36 82 26 32 31 10
Total 59 52 111 40 62 64 26
Table 5.0.5. – Web visits
The number of times any of the Bureau's website pages were accessed via an external computer or other device.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
326,787 414,093 740,880 682,101 696,517 N/A N/A
Table 5.0.6. – Video views
Video views are measured by the number of times any of the Bureau's videos are downloaded.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
14,062 19,961 34,023 29,864 44,736 N/A N/A
Table 5.0.7. – Media hits
The number of articles and broadcasts that mention the Bureau.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
3,558 3,540 7,098 12,017 9,757 N/A N/A
Table 5.0.8. – Twitter hits
The number of tweets that mention the Bureau.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
3,600 3,509 7,109 12,304 18,699 N/A N/A
Table 5.0.9. – Social media engagement
The number of times that other social media accounts have liked or loved Bureau social media posts, have commented on a post or have shared (or retweeted) content to their followers.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
3,439 16,972 20,411 27,630 13,043 N/A N/A
Table 5.0.10. – Social media followings
The number of followers via Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, etc.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
11,729 13,233 24,962 11,119 N/A N/A N/A
Table 5.0.11. – Social media followings
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
2.71% 12.82% 15.53% N/A N/A N/A N/A

6.0 – Promotion of corporate compliance programs

Table 6.0.1. – Compliance Outreach Events
Number of compliance presentations by Bureau officials to external stakeholders to promote the adoption of corporate compliance programs as outlined in the Corporate Compliance Programs Bulletin. Such presentations include, but are not limited to, speaking engagements, information sessions, panel participation, workshops and outreach activities.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
7 19 26 38 32 12 N/A
Table 6.0.2. – Compliance Outreach Events Presentations attendees
Number of attendees at compliance presentations delivered by Bureau officials.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
409 822 1,231 2,086 N/A N/A N/A
Table 6.0.3. – Compliance Publications
Number of new and revised publications developed primarily by the Compliance Unit including information bulletins, videos, infographics, blogs, pamphlets and other similar material.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
1 1 2 7 5 0 N/A
Table 6.0.4. – Corporate Compliance Program Assessments
Number of corporate compliance program assessments conducted. Such assessments include formal evaluations of programs provided by parties during the course of an investigation for consideration as a mitigating factor as outlined in the Corporate Compliance Programs Bulletin, as well as the review of programs in the context of remedies negotiated or obtained by the Bureau in the course of a resolution.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
4 7 11 2 2 0 N/A

7.0 – International and domestic collaboration

The Bureau collaborates with international and domestic partners in order to enhance its ability to promote and protect a competitive marketplace.

International

Table 7.0.1. – Formal international partnerships signed
Number of international partnerships in which the Bureau participates where Memoranda of Understanding or other agreements have been put in place.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 0 0 2 2 2 2 20
Table 7.0.2. – Formal meetings
Number of formal meetings between senior Bureau officials (EX level) and foreign law enforcement agencies/competition authorities pursuant to obligations under cooperation instruments.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
5 14 19 31 43 15 5 N/A
Table 7.0.3. – International notifications
Number of international notifications communicated pursuant to cooperation instruments or Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development recommendation on International Cooperation.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
46 59 105 139 131 95 91 N/A
Table 7.0.4. – International Fora meetings and workshops
Number of meetings and workshops with multinational organizations (e.g., Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, International Competition Network, International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network).
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
6 21 27 23 35 17 16 N/A
Table 7.0.5. – Capacity building with international partners
Number of technical assistance projects, study tours, interchanges and training sessions with foreign law enforcement agencies, competition authorities and multilateral organizations.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
3 5 8 8 10 N/A N/A N/A
Table 7.0.6. – Requests for Contacts
Number of inbound and outbound information requests for contacts involving other agencies (e.g., CADE, S. Africa).
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
25 27 52 106 40 N/A N/A N/A

Domestic

Table 7.0.7. – Formal domestic partnerships signed
Number of domestic partnerships in which the Bureau participates where Memoranda of Understanding or other agreements have been put in place.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
2 5 7 1 3 6 3 32
Table 7.0.8. – Domestic Meetings
Number of meetings with domestic agencies or regulators.
2018-19 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
70 57 127 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

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Glossary

Alternative Case Resolution:
Analternative case resolution is an intervention that resolves concerns of non-compliance without the need for litigation before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts. Through a range of instruments (for example, information letters, targeted inspections), the Competition Bureau may facilitate voluntary compliance by identifying the issue to the business or individual at an early stage.
CA Identification Number:
The CA Identification Number is an identification number registered for the exclusive use of a Canadian dealer on the label of a consumer textile article in place of a name and postal address (as per the Textile Labelling Act).
Competition Act:
The Competition Act is a federal law governing most business conduct in Canada. It contains both criminal and civil provisions aimed at preventing anti-competitive practices in the marketplace.
Compliance Assessment:
An examination of a program, activity or individual transaction to ensure that it conforms to legislation, regulations and administrative directives.
Corporate Compliance Program:
A corporate compliance program implemented within businesses, helps identify the boundaries of permissible conduct, as well as identify situations where it would be advisable to seek legal advice. Implementing a corporate compliance program can, in certain circumstances, be ordered by a court, agreed to in a consent agreement or be required as part of an alternative case resolution as a condition of the Competition Bureau not pursuing further enforcement action.
Competition Tribunal:
The Competition Tribunal is a specialized tribunal that combines expertise in economics and business with expertise in law. The Tribunal is a strictly adjudicative body that operates independently of any government department.
Complex Mergers:
Complex mergers involve proposed transactions between competitors, or between customers and suppliers, where there are indications that the transaction may, or is likely to, create, maintain or enhance market power. Proposed transactions, where the combined post-merger market share of the parties is potentially 35% or more, are generally classified as complex.
Consent Agreement:
A consent agreement is a negotiated settlement which is registered with the Competition Tribunal that, when registered, has the force of a court order; any violations of its terms may result in criminal penalties, including fines and imprisonment.
Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act:
The Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act is a statute relating to the packaging, labelling, sale, importation and advertising of prepackaged and certain other products.
Courts:
Under the criminal regime of the Competition Act, as well as under the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act and the Textile Labelling Act, certain practices may be brought before the Courts, which include the Federal Court or the Superior Court of a province. Under the civil regime of the Competition Act, certain practices may be brought for review before the Competition Tribunal, the Federal Court or the Superior Court of a province.
Immunity:
A party may receive immunity from prosecution from the Director of Public Prosecutions if the party discloses to the Competition Bureau an offence not yet detected or provides evidence that warrants a referral to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada and also provided that the party cooperates with the Bureau and any subsequent prosecution.
Inquiry:
A formal process commenced when the Commissioner has reason to believe that an order has been contravened, grounds exist for the making of an order or an offence has been or is about to be committed, or on application under section 9 or when directed by the Minister and when he considers it necessary with a view to determining the facts. Initiating an inquiry allows the Commissioner to seek authorization from the Courts to use certain formal powers, for example, orders under section 11 of the Competition Act to compel persons to provide, under oath, testimony, records or written returns of information in furtherance of the inquiry.
Investigation:
A civil (non-merger) or criminal investigation under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Textile Labelling Act or the Precious Metals Marking Act (includes inquiries).
Leniency:
A party may receive lenient treatment in sentencing (upon recommendation by the Competition Bureau to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada) if the party pleads guilty to a cartel offence(s) and agrees to cooperate with the investigation and any prosecution.
Market Study:
A study on the influences of consumer behaviour and the analysis of market characteristics and trends. It is designed to improve the Bureau's understanding of the effects of competition on the economy.
Merger Review:
A review of a merger transaction under the Competition Act.
Non-Complex Mergers:
Non-complex mergers are readily identifiable by the clear absence of competition issues, and include transactions where there is no or minimal overlap between parties, assuming properly defined product and geographic markets. Minimal overlap includes a combined post-merger market share of less than 10% in any relevant market.
Precious Metals Marking Act:
The Precious Metals Marking Act is a statute relating to the marking of articles containing precious metals.
Section 11 Order:
A section 11 order allows the Commissioner to obtain information from persons who have or are likely to have information that is relevant to a matter under inquiry pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act
Textile Labelling Act:
The Textile Labelling Act is a statute relating to the labelling, sale, importation and advertising of consumer textile articles.
The Competition Advocate:
A short commentary, published periodically, that offers the Bureau's views on industries that may benefit from increased competition.
Written Opinions:
Written opinions are issued on the applicability of one or more provisions of the Competition Act or regulations to a proposed practice or conduct. They are binding on the Commissioner if all the material facts have been submitted, are accurate, and remain substantially unchanged. The Commissioner has the sole discretion to decline to issue a written opinion.
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