Competition Bureau Performance Measurement & Statistics Report 2019-20

For the period ending March 31, 2020

The Competition Bureau's (Bureau) Performance Measurement and Statistics Report (PMSR) demonstrates progress towards the Bureau's priorities and commitments by publicly reporting on the Bureau's performance data on a semi-annual basis, broken down into Term 1 and Term 2. In support of the Bureau's commitment to enhance its performance measurement framework, the PMSR includes performance measures and results for the 2019‑20 commitments and a narrative highlighting the Bureau's performance in the areas of enforcement, advocacy, outreach, compliance and collaboration. The Report also includes the Bureau's results from the last four fiscal years.

The PMSR for each term supersedes all previous terms' PMSRs made by the Bureau (for example, Term 2 will supersede Term 1). The figures contained within this report are subject to adjustments in future publications.


Table of contents

2019‑20 Commitments and Results

Priority 1: To focus on key areas important to Canadians including the digital economy, telecommunications, health and biosciences and infrastructure

  • Advance enforcement cases related to the digital economy, telecommunications, health and biosciences and infrastructure as resources and evidence permit
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of digital economy cases commenced We commenced 16 digital economy cases We commenced 25 digital economy cases. In total, we commenced 41 digital economy cases during 2019‑20
# of digital economy cases concluded We concluded 16 digital economy cases
We concluded 18 digital economy cases. In total, we concluded 34 digital economy cases in 2019‑20
# of ongoing digital economy cases We continue to work on 37 digital economy cases We continued work on 40 digital economy cases at the end of 2019‑20
# of telecommunications cases commenced We commenced 2 telecommunications cases We commenced 7 telecommunications cases. In total, we commenced 9 telecommunications cases during 2019‑20
# of telecommunications cases concluded We concluded 1 telecommunications case We concluded 3 telecommunications cases. In total, we concluded 4 telecommunications cases in 2019‑20
# of ongoing telecommunications cases We continue to work on 2 telecommunications cases We continued work on 3 telecommunications cases at the end of 2019‑20
# of health and biosciences cases commenced We commenced 13 health and biosciences cases We commenced 12 health and biosciences cases. In total, we commenced 25 health and biosciences cases in 2019‑20
# of health and biosciences cases concluded We concluded 11 health and biosciences cases We concluded 11 health and biosciences cases. In total, we concluded 22 health and biosciences cases in 2019‑20
# of ongoing health and biosciences cases We continue to work on 6 health and biosciences cases We continued work on 5 health and biosciences cases at the end of 2019‑20
# of infrastructure cases commenced We commenced 39 infrastructure cases We commenced 24 infrastructure cases. In total, we commenced 63 infrastructure cases in 2019‑20
# of infrastructure cases concluded We concluded 35 infrastructure cases We concluded 27 infrastructure cases. In total, we concluded 62 infrastructure cases in 2019‑20
# of ongoing infrastructure cases We continue to work on 15 infrastructure cases We continued work on 12 infrastructure cases at the end of 2019‑20

Priority 2: To strengthen our role as the face and voice of competition in Canada

  • Publish 10 consumer and business alerts
  • Provide support for discussions on competition in the G7 Summit
  • Conduct 15 advocacy activities
  • Deliver 15 compliance and bid-rigging presentations to small and medium-sized enterprises, in-house counsel or trade associations
  • Conduct 10 promotional activities related to the Federal Contracting Fraud Tip Line
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of consumer and business alerts published We published 3 consumer alerts We published 3 consumer alerts. In total, we published 6 consumer alerts in 2019‑20
Supported discussions on competition at the G7 Summit We worked closely with G7 competition authorities to develop a 'Common Understanding on Competition and the Digital Economy'. The Common Understanding is the outcome of extensive discussions initiated by the 2019 French G7 Presidency, and demonstrates the G7's shared agreement of the importance of competition authorities keeping pace with the digital world  
# of advocacy activities conducted We conducted 7 advocacy activities We conducted 18 advocacy activities, bringing our total to 25 advocacy activities for the fiscal year 2019‑20
# of compliance and bid-rigging presentations to small and medium-sized enterprises, in-house counsel or trade associations We delivered one bid-rigging presentation to a trade association We delivered 8 compliance and bid-rigging presentations to small and medium-sized enterprises, in-house counsel or "umbrella" trade associations, including the Canadian Bar Association, and L'Association des Architectes en pratique privée du Québec. In total, we delivered 9 presentations to these communities in 2019‑20
# of promotional activities related to the Federal Contracting Fraud Tip Line We held 4 promotional activities in relation to the Federal Contracting Fraud Tip Line We held 15 promotional activities related to the Federal Contracting Fraud Tip Line. All together, we held 19 promotional activities related to the Tip Line in 2019‑20

Priority 3: To build and strengthen strategic relationships with domestic and international partners to advance competition policy, promote convergence and support enforcement

  • Attend or organize international seminars or workshops
  • Hold bilateral meetings with other domestic government agencies
  • Deliver 15 compliance and bid-rigging presentations to public procurement agencies and communities
  • Host the 2019‑2020 Trilateral Meeting between Canada, the United States and Mexico
  • Co-chair the International Competition Network (ICN) Agency Effectiveness Working Group (AEWG) and play leadership roles in other fora, such as the Organisation for Economic Development (OECD), International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network (ICPEN)
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of international seminars, workshops or forums organized and attended We participated in 12 international meetings and workshops, including the OECD competition meetings in Paris, France; the OECD / COFECE Workshop on Effective Cartel Prosecution in Mexico; and the ICN Annual Conference in Cartagena, Colombia We participated in 7 international meetings and workshops, including at the ICN Cartel Workshop in Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil; the OECD Committee on Consumer Policy and Competition Committee in Paris, France; the UK's Digital meeting with the key partners in Paris, France; and the International Mass Marketing Fraud Working Group (IMMFWG) in London, United Kingdom. In 2019‑20, we participated in a total of 19 international meetings and workshops
# of bilateral meetings with other government agencies We held 34 meetings with other government agencies, including with the Ontario Ministry of Government and Consumer Services; the Office of the Auditor General; the Bank of Canada and the RCMP We held 100 meetings with other government agencies, including with Health Canada, FINTRAC, and the Institute for Research on Public Policy. In total, we held 134 meetings with other government agencies in 2019‑20
# of compliance and bid-rigging presentations to public procurement agencies and communities (federal, provincial, and municipal) We delivered 4 compliance and bid-rigging presentations to public procurement agencies and communities, including to BC Hydro and Canadian Nuclear Safely Council We delivered 18 compliance and bid-rigging presentations to public procurement agencies and communities, including to Infrastructure Canada and the Government of Nova Scotia Public Procurement Office. In total, we delivered 22 presentations in 2019‑20
Hosted the 2019‑20 Trilateral Meeting Preparatory work continues on the 2019‑20 Trilateral meeting and more information will be provided in the Term 2 statistics report We hosted the U.S. Department of Justice, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission and the Federal Economic Competition Commission of Mexico for the annual Trilateral Meeting on October 28, 2019. Topics discussed included recent cases and priorities with a focus on competition law enforcement and advocacy in the digital economy
Co-chaired the ICN AEWG and played leadership roles in OECD and ICPEN We continued to play a significant leadership role on the ICN AEWG by holding the following positions:

  1. Steering Group member, which guides the work of the Network;
  2. Secretariat, which works with the Chair's office to ensure continuity of the work of the Network; and
  3. Agency Effectiveness Co-Chair, which is focussed on increasing the involvement of Chief / Senior Economists and Non-Governmental Advisors within the ICN to further develop and emphasize the importance of economics in competition analysis
We played an active role in the work of the OECD Competition Committee by providing both written submissions and in-person interventions to its Roundtables on emerging global competition policy issues and debates

We continued our role as an active member of the ICPEN Advisory Group, providing advice and direction to the Presidency. On May 17, 2019, it was announced that the Bureau will assume the Presidency of the ICPEN on July 1, 2020. Our presidency will focus on the digital economy, truth in online advertising and related topics
We participated in three ICN workshops, which included the ICN Cartel Workshop, the ICN Unilateral Conduct Workshop and the ICN Merger Workshop

We continued to play an active role in the work on the OECD Competition Committee with the Commissioner elected as a member of the Committee's Steering Group for 2020

We continued to provide direction and advice to the ICPEN Presidency as a member of the ICPEN Advisory Group. We will assume the Presidency on July 1, 2020. Our presidency will focus on the digital economy, truth in online advertising and related topics

Priority 4: To pursue policy and advocacy work focused on competition in the data-driven economy

  • Host a Data Forum to discuss regulatory and enforcement challenges in the data-driven economy
  • Participate in the CRTC review of regulatory frameworks for wireless services in Canada
  • Publish the Broadband Market Study
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
Hosted the Data Forum by Spring 2019 We hosted the Data Forum in May 2019. We organized the Forum to foster exchanges on the evolving issues competition enforcers face in the rapidly growing digital economy. More than 100 participants from Canada and abroad attended the Forum, including representatives from the business, legal and academic communities, federal regulators and foreign competition authorities  
Participated in CRTC review of regulatory frameworks for wireless services in Canada We filed an initial intervention in relation to the CRTC's review of the regulatory framework for wireless services in Canada which analyzed publically available information and summarized key findings from past Bureau reviews in this industry. We have since obtained confidential data from wireless carries (through the CRTC) to analyze the current state of competition in wireless and possible remedies to any identified competition issues We continued our participation in the CRTC's review of regulatory frameworks for wireless services in Canada. We filed our further comments and an economic study, which analyzed confidential wireless carrier data. Based on the results, we recommended that the CRTC allow temporary Mobile Virtual Network Operators access to national carrier networks for regional carriers who intend to invest and further expand their own networks. In February 2020, Bureau representatives, including the Commissioner of Competition, appeared at the CRTC hearing on mobile wireless services
Broadband Market Study published We completed our study of competition and consumer habits in Canada's high-speed Internet industry in August 2019  

Priority 5: To focus on critical skills development and ensure our employees have the right tools to keep pace with the evolving workplace, economy and legal landscape

  • Offer training or information sessions to staff, including on leadership and language training
  • Carry out 1 activity related to workplace wellness, Official Languages, and diversity and inclusiveness per month
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
# of training or information sessions offered We offered 58 training and information sessions to employees We offered 43 training and information sessions to employees. In total, we offered 101 training and information sessions in 2019‑20
# of activities related to workplace wellness, Official Languages, and diversity and inclusiveness We promoted 26 activities and events related to workplace wellness, official languages and diversity and inclusiveness to employees, including an informal discussion on GBA+ and activities for Linguistic Duality Day We promoted 24 activities and events related to workplace wellness, diversity and inclusiveness and the use of official languages (OL) to employees. In total, we promoted 50 activities and events during the 2019‑20 fiscal year

Priority 6: To modernize our processes and policies to increase efficiencies across the organization

  • Hire a Chief Digital Enforcement Officer
  • Support the implementation of digital workplace tools across the organization 
Indicators Results for Term 1
(April 1 to September 30)
Results for Term 2
(October 1 to March 31)
Chief Digital Enforcement Officer hired In July 2019, Mr. George McDonald, Associate Partner and Senior Account Leader at IBM, commenced his role as the Bureau's Chief Digital Enforcement Officer. Mr. McDonald is helping the Bureau monitor the digital landscape, identify and evaluate new investigative techniques, and boost our digital intelligence gathering capabilities  
Digital tools rolled-out throughout the organization Competition Bureau employees are now equipped with more modern and versatile digital tools, including the Office 365 suite of applications and secure corporate Wi-Fi, allowing them to work more efficiently and effectively The Bureau continued to support the implementation of digital workplace tools across the organization to enable our employees to work effectively and efficiently

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Highlights for the Terms

This section provides an overview of the Bureau's newsworthy and public-facing activities for the term and includes explanations behind significant variances in the data, as required.

Highlights for Term 1

Infographic for Term 1

Highlights for Term 2

Infographic for Term 2

Intake

The Competition Bureau receives a variety of requests for information.

1.0 – Information centre requests

The Bureau receives enquiries and complaints from members of the public via the Information Centre (primary point of entry for requests).

Table 1.0.1. Top 5 Complaints by business conduct (Sections of the Competition Act)
2019‑20 2018‑19 2017‑18
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
End of Year Result
  1. False or misleading representations
  2. Abuse of dominance
  3. Sale above advertised price
  4. Bait and switch
  5. Deceptive telemarketing
  1. False or misleading representations
  2. Deceptive telemarketing
  3. Abuse of dominance
  4. Sale above advertised price
  5. Collusion
  1. False or misleading representations
  2. Deceptive telemarketing
  3. Abuse of dominance
  4. Sale above advertised price
  5. Collusion
  1. False or misleading representations
  2. Abuse of dominance
  3. Sale above advertised price
  4. Price fixing
  5. Bait and switch
  1. False or Misleading Representations
  2. Abuse of Dominance
  3. Sale Above Advertised Price
  4. Deceptive Telemarketing
  5. Ordinary Selling Price Claims
Table 1.0.2. – Complaints
The number of complaints submitted to the Bureau (assigned to responsible Branch/ Directorate/Unit) that relate to the Bureau's four statutes (Competition Act, Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act).
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Directorate 41 97 138 80 85 N/A N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Directorate 1,234 1,992 3,226 2,262 2,036 N/A N/A N/A
Monopolistic Practices Directorate 149 266 414 364 342 N/A N/A N/A
Mergers Directorate 1 3 4 5 37 N/A N/A N/A
Competition Promotion Branch 0 1 1 2 8 N/A N/A N/A
Information Centre 476 613 1,089 800 1,227 3,592 3,018 N/A
Total Complaints 1,901 2,972 4,873 3,513 3,735 3,592 3,018 N/A
Table 1.0.3. – Questions
Number of questions submitted to the Bureau (assigned to responsible Branch/ Directorate/Unit) that relate to the Bureau's four statutes (listed above). Does not include written opinions.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Directorate 14 17 31 33 46 N/A N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Directorate 48 74 122 111 174 N/A N/A N/A
Monopolistic Practices Directorate 22 24 46 27 23 N/A N/A N/A
Mergers Directorate 8 10 18 15 39 N/A N/A N/A
Competition Promotion Branch 2 3 5 8 10 N/A N/A N/A
Information Centre 2,822 2,592 5,414 5,781 6,312 6,997 7,915 N/A
Total Questions 2,916 2,720 5,636 5,975 6,604 6,997 7,915 N/A
Table 1.0.4. – Comments
The number of comments submitted to the Bureau, such as merger feedback forms and advocacy suggestion forms.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
65 21 86 146 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Table 1.0.5. – No Issues
The number of complaints or questions (or comments) submitted to the Bureau that do not relate to the Bureau's four statutes.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
202 255 457 473 488 N/A N/A N/A
Table 1.0.6. – Textile Labelling CA Identification Number applications
Canadian manufacturers, processors or finishers of a textile fibre product, and Canadians in the business of importing or selling textile fibre products, can register for a CA Identification Number. The number is issued by the Bureau upon request.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Voluntary refund / cancelled 23 28 51 70 70 N/A N/A N/A
Pending 8 6 14 20 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Completed 428 366 794 884 1,021 N/A N/A N/A
Total Applications 459 400 859 974 1,125 969 812 766
Table 1.0.7. – Textile Labelling CA Identification Number service standard met (%)
The service standards are 5 business days for an online application and 20 business days for an application by mail. The Bureau strives to meet its service standard on all requests, with a target of 90%.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
99.3% 99.5% 99.4% 99.5% 97% 98% 99% N/A
Table 1.0.8. – Tips received through the Federal Contracting Tip Line
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
29 42 71 91 136 N/A N/A N/A

1.1 – Other requests

The Bureau receives media requests via the Media Relations Team.

Table 1.1.1. – Media requests
Number of media requests received by the Bureau.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
111 94 205 327 458 301 490 532
Table 1.1.2. – Written Opinions requested
Number of requests, pursuant to section 124.1 of the Competition Act, submitted to the Bureau for written opinions on the applicability of one or more provisions of the Competition Act or regulations to a proposed practice or conduct.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Complex 4 3 7 14 15 19 25 15
Table 1.1.3. – Written Opinions completed
Number of completed written opinions, pursuant to section 124.1 of the Competition Act, on the applicability of one or more provisions of the Competition Act or regulations to a proposed practice or conduct.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Complex 6 7 13 10 10 17 24 10
Table 1.1.4. – Written Opinion service standard met (%)
Service standards range from two weeks to ten weeks, depending on the section of the Act and level of complexity.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Complex 33% 86% 59.5% 61.5% 54.3% 60% 65% 100%

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Enforcement

The Competition Bureau enforces the provisions of Canada's Competition Act that address anti-competitive practices and misleading advertising, as well as the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act.

2.0 – Enforcement – Non merger

Table 2.0.1. – Investigations commenced
Number of investigations and compliance assessments that were commenced. Not all complaints and information requests will become investigations.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 11 10 21 13 15 17 25 11
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 38 17 55 35 38 49 33 37
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 2 9 11 9 5 8 8 7
Total 51 36 87 57 58 74 66 55
Table 2.0.2. – Investigations closed
Number of investigations and compliance assessments that were closed.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 5 21 26 12 18 16 22 8
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 18 19 37 24 60 27 33 29
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 4 5 9 5 7 18 7 10
Total 27 45 72 41 83 61 62 47
Table 2.0.3. – Total ongoing investigations
Number of investigations and compliance assessments ongoing at the end of the previous term.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
YTD
Cartels Enforcement 40 46 35 40 42 44 43 45
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 47 67 65 47 54 77 55 47
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 12 10 14 12 15 17 27 17
Total 99 123 114 99 111 138 125 109
Table 2.0.4. – Investigations concluded - Monitoring
Number of concluded matters in the monitoring phase.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 3 1 1 3 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 7 8 8 7 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total 10 9 9 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A

Inquiries

Table 2.0.5. – Inquiries commenced
Number of investigations for which an inquiry has been commenced pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 1 1 2 0 5 5 4 2
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 21 4 25 6 7 8 5 4
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 3 3 1 4 4 3 2
Total 22 8 30 7 16 17 12 8
Table 2.0.6. – Inquiries discontinued
Number of inquiries discontinued pursuant to section 22 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 1 2 3 0 0 4 4 1
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 2 1 3 2 5 1 2 1
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 1 1 2 4 3 8 2 1
Total 4 4 8 6 8 13 8 3
Table 2.0.7. – Search warrants
Number of search warrants issued, including multiple orders for a single investigation.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 2 1 3 12 40 2 12 24
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 1 0 1 11 2 9 1 1
Total 3 1 4 23 42 11 13 25
Table 2.0.8. – Section 11 orders
Number of section 11 orders issued, including multiple orders for a single investigation.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 2 0 142 0 0
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 2 0 2 0 0 11 1 2
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 3 7 9 14 17
Total 2 0 2 5 7 162 15 19
Table 2.0.9. – Production orders
Number of production orders issued under the Criminal Code of Canada including multiple orders for a single investigation.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 4 5 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 4 4 8 8 5 11 20
Total 0 4 4 8 12 10 N/A N/A
Table 2.0.10. – Immunity markers granted to applicants
Number of immunity markers granted by the Cartels and Deceptive Marketing Practices Branch.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 2 2 4 3 7 27 31 20
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 2 2 4 3 7 27 31 20
Table 2.0.11. – Leniency markers granted to applicants
Number of leniency markers granted by the Cartels Directorate.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 1 6 12 17
Total 0 0 0 0 1 6 12 17

2.1 – Referral stage

Following an investigation and a recommendation by the Competition Bureau, criminal matters are referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for determination on the laying of charges. Competition Bureau action is contingent on the Public Prosecution Service of Canada's decision (e.g., initiating a prosecution; concurring with leniency recommendation which leads to a plea agreement and, eventually a guilty plea).

Table 2.1.1. – Recommendations for immunity made
Number of immunity recommendations made to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada reported semi-annually.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 1 1 2 4 2 2 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 1 1 2 4 2 2 N/A N/A
Table 2.1.2. – Recommendations for leniency made
Number of leniency recommendations made to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada reported semi-annually.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 2 1 N/A N/A
Total 0 0 0 0 2 1 N/A N/A
Table 2.1.3. – Investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada
Number of investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for consideration and action.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 4 4 1 0 2 2 4
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1
Total 1 4 5 2 1 2 2 5
Table 2.1.4. – Investigations and leniency recommendations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada awaiting decision
Number of investigations and leniency recommendations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada awaiting decision as of the previous reporting period.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 3 0 0 7 9 8 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A
Total 3 0 0 7 9 8 N/A N/A
Table 2.1.5. – Investigations sent back to the Competition Bureau by the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for additional investigation
Number of investigations referred to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada and returned to the Competition Bureau for further investigation.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 2 0 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A
Total 0 0 0 0 2 0 N/A N/A
Table 2.1.6. – Investigations where charges were not laid
Number of investigations where charges were not laid by the Bureau following considerations by the Public Prosecution Service of Canada.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 1 1 0 0 1 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 1 1 3 0 0 N/A N/A
Total 0 2 2 3 0 1 N/A N/A

2.2 – Contested investigation - Before the Courts or Competition Tribunal

Table 2.2.1. – Civil applications filed with the Competition Tribunal
Number of civil applications brought by the Commissioner before the Competition Tribunal. This excludes applications to vary or rescind consent agreements or orders under sections 74.13 or 106; applications for interim orders or injunctions under sections 74.111, 103.3 or 104; and applications related to private access under section 106.1 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 N/A
Total 0 0 0 0 1 4 1 N/A
Table 2.2.2. – Ongoing civil applications before the Competition Tribunal
Number of ongoing civil applications at the end of the previous term before the Competition Tribunal. This excludes applications to vary or rescind consent agreements or orders under sections 74.13 or 106; applications for interim orders or injunctions under sections 74.111, 103.3 or 104; and applications related to private access under section 106.1 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 1
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 4
Total 1 1 1 3 3 3 2 5
Table 2.2.3. – Civil applications filed before the Courts
Number of ongoing civil applications at the end of the previous term before the Courts. This excludes applications to vary or rescind consent agreements or orders under sections 74.13 or 106; applications for interim orders or injunctions under sections 74.111, 103.3 or 104; and applications related to private access under section 106.1 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Table 2.2.4. – Ongoing civil applications before the Courts
Number of ongoing civil applications filed related to investigations filed before the Courts other than the Competition Tribunal at the end of the previous term related to substantive investigations. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 3 0 0 0 1 2 2 2
Total 3 0 0 0 1 2 2 2
Table 2.2.5. – Individuals charged
Number of individuals criminally charged following a Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 4 0 0 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 4 0 0 N/A N/A
Table 2.2.6. – Companies charged
Number of companies criminally charged following a Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0 0 1 N/A N/A
Table 2.2.7. – Investigations where charges were laid
Number of investigations where criminal charges were laid following a Public Prosecution Service of Canada decision.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 1 0 1 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 1 0 1 N/A N/A
Table 2.2.8. – Appeals filed
Number of appeals filed with a Provincial or Territorial Court of Appeal, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or the Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 or s. 106 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 N/A
Total 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 N/A
Table 2.2.9. – Appeals ongoing
Number of ongoing appeals filed with a Provincial or Territorial Court of Appeal, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court. This excludes interim steps in a proceeding or the Rescission or Variation of a Consent Agreement or Order under sections 74.13 or s. 106 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 N/A
Total 0 0 0 1 1 8 0 N/A

2.3 – Resolutions & outcomes

Table 2.3.1. – Alternative Case Resolutions
Number of Alternative Case Resolutions (ACRs) reached.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 14 14 6 5 9 8 9
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 8 7 15 27 30 21 20 14
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 1 1 6 1 4 3 1
Total 8 22 30 39 36 33 31 24
Table 2.3.2. – Registered Consent Agreements (non-merger)
Number of non-merger Consent Agreements registered with the Competition Tribunal or Courts pursuant to section 74.12 or 105 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 2 1 3 1 4 7 4 3
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 2 4 1 1
Total 2 1 3 1 6 11 5 4
Table 2.3.3. – Guilty pleas (non-contested proceedings)
Number of guilty pleas without contested proceedings by individuals or companies for an offence under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act or the Textile Labelling Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 3 0 3 2 4 5 7 6
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 3 0 3 2 4 5 7 6
Table 2.3.4. – Guilty pleas (contested proceedings)
Number of guilty pleas during contested proceedings by individuals or companies for an offence under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act or the Textile Labelling Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 4 0 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 3 1 5 1
Total 0 0 0 0 7 1 N/A N/A
Table 2.3.5. – Convictions (excluding guilty pleas)
Number of convictions resulting from contested proceedings (includes sections 65 and 66) under the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Table 2.3.6. – Stay of proceedings
Number of prosecutions in which the Public Prosecution Service of Canada entered a stay of proceedings.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 1 2 0 N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 8 0 1 1
Total 0 0 0 1 10 0 N/A N/A
Table 2.3.7. – Prohibition orders with conviction
All prohibition orders with conviction (subsection 34(1)) under the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 3 2 4 0
Total 0 0 0 0 3 2 4 0
Table 2.3.8. – Prohibition orders without conviction
All prohibition orders without conviction (subsection 34(2)) under the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
Total 0 1 1 2 2 0 0 0
Table 2.3.9. – Interim orders and injunctions
All interim injunctions (section 33) and Interim Orders (s. 74.111, s. 103.3 and s. 104) under the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Table 2.3.10. – Total fines imposed (millions)
Dollar value of fines imposed upon companies and individuals by the Courts.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement $0 $0 $0 $1.3 $14.83 $13.28 $3.18 $8.65
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement $0 $0 $0 $0 $0.18 $0.45 $0.06 $0.164
Total $0 $0 $0 $1.3 $15.01 $13.73 $3.24 $8.81
Table 2.3.11. – Total Settlements pursuant to section 34.(2) and 34 (2.1) (millions)
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement $0 $0.75 $0.75 $5.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total $0 $0.75 $0.75 $5.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Table 2.3.12. – Individuals sentenced
Number of individuals sentenced under the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 2 1 3 1 1 2 2 2
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 4 1 4 2
Total 2 1 3 1 5 3 6 4
Table 2.3.13. – Companies sentenced
Number of companies sentenced under the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 0 0 0 0 6 3 6 4
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0 7 4 6 4
Table 2.3.14. – Combined jail time imposed (months)
Months of jail time imposed.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement 40 19 59 0 0 33 18 14
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 66 16 45 18
Total 40 19 59 0 66 49 63 32
Table 2.3.15. – Total administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) (millions) (non-merger)
Dollar value of AMPs imposed by the Competition Tribunal, the Courts or under a consent agreement.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement $8.0 $1.3 $9.3 $0.7 $5.1 $19.3 $4.75 $5
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $1 $5
Total $8.0 $1.3 $9.3 $0.7 $5.1 $19.3 $5.75 $10
Table 2.3.16. – Total restitution (millions)
Dollar value of restitution imposed by the Competition Tribunal or the Courts.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $11.82 $7.34 $7.11
Total $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $11.82 $7.34 $7.11
Table 2.3.17. – Orders issued by the Competition Tribunal (non-merger)
Number of orders issued (decision made) by the Competition Tribunal. Does not include Consent Agreements registered pursuant to sections 79.12 or 105 of the Competition Act or interim steps in a proceeding, but does include rescission or variation or a consent agreement under sections 74.13 or 106 of the Competition Act.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement 0 1 1 0 1 3 0 N/A
Total 0 1 1 0 1 3 0 N/A
Table 2.3.18. – Total investigative costs recovered (millions)
Dollar value of investigative costs imposed by the Competition Tribunal, the Courts or under a consent agreement that are recovered by the Receiver General.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels Enforcement $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 N/A N/A N/A
Deceptive Marketing Practices Enforcement $1.0 $0 $1.0 $0 $0.08 N/A N/A N/A
Monopolistic Practices Enforcement $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 N/A N/A N/A
Total $1.0 $0 $1.0 $0 $0.08 N/A N/A N/A

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3.0 – Enforcement – Merger related

Under the Competition Act, mergers and proposed mergers of all sizes and in all sectors of the economy are subject to review to determine whether they have resulted, or will likely result, in a substantial lessening or prevention of competition.

Merger reviews

Table 3.0.1. – Commenced
Number of merger reviews that were opened during the period.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
126 117 243 217 247 234 230 254
Table 3.0.2. – Pre-Merger Notification filings & Advance Ruling Certificate requests
Number of Pre-Merger Notifications (PMNs) filed pursuant to section 114(1) of the Competition Act and number of Advance Ruling Certificate (ARC) requests made pursuant to section 102 of the Competition Act. Includes reviews where either a PMN filing or an ARC request, or both occur.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
120 110 230 197 229 217 212 240
Table 3.0.3. – Other examinations
Number of reviews where no PMN or ARC request was received. Includes Investment Canada, and Heritage Canada applications, complaints and reviews of non-notifiable mergers initiated by the Mergers Directorate.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
6 7 13 20 18 17 18 14
Table 3.0.4. – Concluded
Number of merger reviews that were completed during the period.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
116 118 234 230 253 238 221 245
Table 3.0.5. – No enforcement action
Number of merger reviews that were completed with no enforcement action taken under the Competition Act.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
114 116 230 225 246 226 212 231
Table 3.0.6. – With issues under the Act
Number of merger reviews that were completed with issues under the Competition Act. Does not include ongoing proceedings before the Competition Tribunal.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
3 2 5 5 7 9 7 9
Table 3.0.7. – Transactions abandoned for reasons unrelated to the Bureau's position
Number of transactions (proposed mergers) abandoned for reasons other than the Bureau's position on the proposed merger.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
1 0 1 1 0 3 2 5
Table 3.0.8. – Total ongoing merger reviews
Number of merger reviews ongoing at the end of the previous term.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
YTD
22 32 31 22 32 37 36 24

Inquiries

Table 3.0.9. – Commenced
Number of inquiries commenced pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
4 2 6 1 2 3 7 3
Table 3.0.10. – Discontinued
Number of inquiries discontinued pursuant to section 22 of the Competition Act.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0

3.1 – Merger related - Concluded reviews no enforcement action

Table 3.1.1. – Advanced Ruling Certificates issued
Number of examinations concluded with the issuance of an Advance Ruling Certificate (ARC) pursuant to section 102 of the Competition Act.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
42 61 103 92 91 116 83 120
Table 3.1.2. – No Action Letters issued
Number of examinations concluded with the issuance of a No Action Letter (NAL) pursuant to the Competition Act.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
66 50 116 108 132 96 113 101
Table 3.1.3. – Other examinations
Number of examinations concluded without enforcement action and without issuance of an ARC or NAL.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
7 5 12 24 23 14 16 10
Table 3.1.4. – Total concluded reviews no enforcement
Number of merger reviews that were concluded with no enforcement action under the Competition Act.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
114 116 230 224 246 226 212 231

3.2 – Merger related - Concluded reviews with issues

Table 3.2.1. – Consent AgreementsFootnote 1
Number of Consent Agreements registered with the Competition Tribunal pursuant to section 105 of the Competition Act related to mergers.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
1 1 2 5 6 8 7 2
Table 3.2.2. – Transactions abandoned due to competition concerns
Number of proposed mergers abandoned by merging parties after being informed that the transaction raises issues under the Competition Act.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 0 0 1 0 1 0 2
Table 3.2.3. – Alternative Case Resolutions
Number of reviews that raised an issue under the Competition Act but were resolved outside of proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the registering of a Consent Agreement (includes undertakings).
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 0 0 0 1 0 0 4
Table 3.2.4. – Section 92 reviews
Number of s.92 cases resolved. This includes Orders issued by the Competition Tribunal pursuant to s. 92 of the Competition Act, reviews where a s. 92 application is withdrawn, and final resolutions through the Court appeal process.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Table 3.2.5. – Total Concluded reviews (with issues)
Number of merger reviews that were completed with issues under the Competition Act. Does not include ongoing proceedings before the Competition Tribunal.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
3 2 5 5 7 9 7 9

3.3 – Merger related - Other

Table 3.3.1. – Proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts
Number of proceedings before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts. Includes ongoing section 92 matters and other matters before the Competition Tribunal (such as section 100 and 106 matters) or the courts.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
1 1 2 0 0 0 1 0
Table 3.3.2. – Total Merger related administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) (millions)
Dollar value of AMPs ordered by the Competition Tribunal or the Courts
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
$0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 N/A N/A
Table 3.3.3. – Supplementary Information Requests issued for concluded matters
Number of concluded reviews that had requests made pursuant to section 114(2) of the Competition Act.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
6 3 9 13 13 22 12 10

3.4 – Merger review performance indicators

Please visit the Competition Bureau Fees and Service Standards Handbook for Mergers and Merger-Related Matters.

Table 3.4.1. – Merger reviews concluded (#)
Total - Total number of concluded reviews with service standards. Includes only matters with a PMN filing or an ARC request, or both.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 80 88 168 142 161 169 138 170
Complex 31 26 57 67 70 53 65 55
Total 111 114 225 209 231 222 203 225
Table 3.4.2. – Merger reviews concluded (%)
Non-Complex – Percentage of non-complex mergers reviews concluded.
Complex – Percentage of complex merger reviews concluded.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 72% 77% 74.5% 68% 69.75% 77% 67% 76%
Complex 28% 23% 25.5% 32% 30.25% 23% 33% 24%
Table 3.4.3. – Service standard met (#)
The service standard for merger reviews is 14 days for Non-Complex cases and 45 days for Complex cases.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 78 87 165 142 155 168 133 168
Complex 28 25 53 61 60 39 55 50
Total 106 112 218 203 215 207 188 218
Table 3.4.4. – Service standard met (%)
Non-Complex - The performance target for Non-Complex cases is 90%.
Complex - The performance target for Complex cases is 85%.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 98% 99% 98.5% 100% 96.25% 99% 96% 99%
Complex 90% 96% 93% 91% 85.75% 74% 85% 91%
Table 3.4.5. – Avg. review time (days)
Non-Complex – Average non-complex merger review time in days.
Complex – Average complex merger review time in days.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Non-Complex 11.6 10.33 10.97 10.4 10.59 10.48 10.61 10.55
Complex 37.13 35.04 36.09 41.6   52.75 52.14 35.87 33.35

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Competition promotion

The Bureau actively encourages the adoption of pro-competition positions, policies, and behaviours by businesses, consumers, regulators, government and international partners.

4.0 – Advocacy

The Bureau participates in a wide range of activities to promote and advocate the benefits of a competitive marketplace, both in Canada and abroad. This includes recommending that regulators and policy-makers rely on market forces as much as possible and that regulation, where required, limit competition as little as possible. Our Advocacy Portal on the Bureau's website highlights recent advocacy work conducted by the Bureau.

Table 4.0.1. – Representations before regulatory bodies
Number of interventions, submissions and appearances before regulatory bodies pursuant to our advocacy function under sections 125 and 126 of the Competition Act.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
1 6 7 8 3 4 4 9
Table 4.0.2. – Other advocacy interventions
Number of other interventions (outside formal interventions, submissions and appearances before regulatory bodies) may include written submissions, letters, calls and meetings with regulatory groups and other stakeholders.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
6 12 18 10 20 31 25 24
Table 4.0.3. – Market studies
Number of market studies completed.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
1 0 1 0 1 0 0 3

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5.0 – Outreach

The Bureau promotes transparency in all its operations by engaging with stakeholders via traditional and new media channels, providing them with up to date information and guidance.

Table 5.0.1. – Presentations and Speeches
Number of presentations by Bureau officials to external stakeholders, including speaking engagements, information sessions, panel participation and outreach activities. Excluding measures relating to 5.0.2. Bid-Rigging Presentations and 6.0.1. Compliance Outreach Events.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
56 55 111 159 139 160 135 141
Table 5.0.2. – Bid-Rigging presentations
Number of bid-rigging presentations to external stakeholders.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
4 15 19 14 22 N/A N/A N/A
Table 5.0.3. – Bid-Rigging presentations attendees
Number of attendees at bid-rigging presentations delivered by Bureau officials.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
210 683 893 895 1,060 N/A N/A N/A
Table 5.0.4. – Publications
Number of new publications and those that have been revised, including information bulletins, enforcement guidelines, videos, position statements, pamphlets and FAQs. Excluding measures relating to table 6: Promotion of Corporate Compliance Programs.
Measure 2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
Cartels & Deceptive Marketing Practices Branch 1 2 3 6 1 0 3 3
Mergers & Monopolistic Practices Branch 12 9 21 24 13 30 30 2
Competition Promotion Branch 39 25 64 82 26 32 31 10
Total 52 36 88 111 40 62 64 26
Table 5.0.5. – Web visits
The number of times any of the Bureau's website pages were accessed via an external computer or other device.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
324,359 335,612 659,971 740,880 682,101 696,517 N/A N/A
Table 5.0.6. – Video views
Video views are measured by the number of times any of the Bureau's videos are downloaded.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
16,519 31,869 48,388 34,023 29,864 44,736 N/A N/A
Table 5.0.7. – Media hits
The number of articles and broadcasts that mention the Bureau.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
6,534 3,367 9,901 7,098 12,017 9,757 N/A N/A
Table 5.0.8. – Twitter hits
The number of tweets that mention the Bureau.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
4,107 3,341 7,448 7,109 12,304 18,699 N/A N/A
Table 5.0.9. – Social media engagement
The number of times that other social media accounts have liked or loved Bureau social media posts, have commented on a post or have shared (or retweeted) content to their followers.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
8,976 31,639 40,615 20,411 27,630 13,043 N/A N/A
Table 5.0.10. – Social media followings
The number of followers via Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, etc.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
14,504 16,364 16,364 13,233 11,119 N/A N/A N/A
Table 5.0.11. – Social media followings
Percentage increase in social media followings
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
8.59% 13.78% 27% 15.53% N/A N/A N/A N/A

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6.0 – Promotion of corporate compliance programs

Table 6.0.1. – Compliance outreach events
Number of compliance presentations by Bureau officials to external stakeholders to promote the adoption of corporate compliance programs as outlined in the Corporate Compliance Programs Bulletin. Such presentations include, but are not limited to, speaking engagements, information sessions, panel participation, workshops and outreach activities.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
18 47 65 26 38 32 12 N/A
Table 6.0.2. – Compliance outreach events presentations attendees
Number of attendees at compliance presentations delivered by Bureau officials.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
1,993 742 2,735 1,231 2,086 N/A N/A N/A
Table 6.0.3. – Compliance publications
Number of new and revised publications developed primarily by the Compliance Unit including information bulletins, videos, infographics, blogs, pamphlets and other similar material.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 3 3 2 7 5 0 N/A
Table 6.0.4. – Corporate Compliance Program Assessments
Number of corporate compliance program assessments conducted. Such assessments include formal evaluations of programs provided by parties during the course of an investigation for consideration as a mitigating factor as outlined in the Corporate Compliance Programs Bulletin, as well as the review of programs in the context of remedies negotiated or obtained by the Bureau in the course of a resolution.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
0 1 1 11 2 2 0 N/A

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7.0 – International and domestic collaboration

The Bureau collaborates with international and domestic partners in order to enhance its ability to promote and protect a competitive marketplace.

International

Table 7.0.1. – Formal international partnerships signed
Number of international partnerships in which the Bureau participates where Memoranda of Understanding or other agreements have been put in place.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
2 0 2 0 2 2 2 2 20
Table 7.0.2. – Formal meetings
Number of formal meetings between senior Bureau officials (EX level) and foreign law enforcement agencies/competition authorities pursuant to obligations under cooperation instruments.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
6 11 17 19 31 43 15 5 N/A
Table 7.0.3. – International notifications
Number of international notifications communicated pursuant to cooperation instruments or Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development recommendation on International Cooperation.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
70 76 146 105 139 131 95 91 N/A
Table 7.0.4. – International Fora meetings and workshops
Number of meetings and workshops with multinational organizations (e.g., Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, International Competition Network, International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network).
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
12 7 19 27 23 35 17 16 N/A
Table 7.0.5. – Capacity building with international partners
Number of technical assistance projects, study tours, interchanges and training sessions with foreign law enforcement agencies, competition authorities and multilateral organizations.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2017‑18 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
3 7 10 8 8 10 N/A N/A N/A
Table 7.0.6. – Requests for contacts
Number of inbound and outbound information requests for contacts involving other agencies (e.g., CADE, UK CMA, ACCC).
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
74 68 142 52 106 40 N/A N/A N/A

Domestic

Table 7.0.7. – Formal domestic partnerships signed
Number of domestic partnerships in which the Bureau participates where Memoranda of Understanding or other agreements have been put in place.
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
1 1 2 7 1 3 6 3 32
Table 7.0.8. – Domestic meetings
Number of domestic meetings, including with domestic agencies or regulators, think-tanks and academics
2019‑20 2018‑19 Total 2017‑18 Total 2016‑17 Total 2015‑16 Total 2014‑15 Total Grand Total
T1
April 1 - September 30
T2
October 1 - March 31
Total
69 121 190 127 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

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Glossary

Alternative Case Resolution:
An alternative case resolution is an intervention that resolves concerns of non-compliance without the need for litigation before the Competition Tribunal or the Courts. Through a range of instruments (for example, information letters, targeted inspections), the Competition Bureau may facilitate voluntary compliance by identifying the issue to the business or individual at an early stage.
CA Identification Number:
The CA Identification Number is an identification number registered for the exclusive use of a Canadian dealer on the label of a consumer textile article in place of a name and postal address (as per the Textile Labelling Act).
Competition Act:
The Competition Act is a federal law governing most business conduct in Canada. It contains both criminal and civil provisions aimed at preventing anti-competitive practices in the marketplace.
Compliance Assessment:
An examination of a program, activity or individual transaction to ensure that it conforms to legislation, regulations and administrative directives.
Corporate Compliance Program:
A corporate compliance program implemented within businesses, helps identify the boundaries of permissible conduct, as well as identify situations where it would be advisable to seek legal advice. Implementing a corporate compliance program can, in certain circumstances, be ordered by a court, agreed to in a consent agreement or be required as part of an alternative case resolution as a condition of the Competition Bureau not pursuing further enforcement action.
Competition Tribunal:
The Competition Tribunal is a specialized tribunal that combines expertise in economics and business with expertise in law. The Tribunal is a strictly adjudicative body that operates independently of any government department.
Complex Mergers:
Complex mergers involve proposed transactions between competitors, or between customers and suppliers, where there are indications that the transaction may, or is likely to, create, maintain or enhance market power. Proposed transactions, where the combined post-merger market share of the parties is potentially 35% or more, are generally classified as complex.
Consent Agreement:
A consent agreement is a negotiated settlement which is registered with the Competition Tribunal that, when registered, has the force of a court order; any violations of its terms may result in criminal penalties, including fines and imprisonment.
Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act:
The Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act is a statute relating to the packaging, labelling, sale, importation and advertising of prepackaged and certain other products.
Courts:
Under the criminal regime of the Competition Act, as well as under the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act and the Textile Labelling Act, certain practices may be brought before the Courts, which include the Federal Court or the Superior Court of a province. Under the civil regime of the Competition Act, certain practices may be brought for review before the Competition Tribunal, the Federal Court or the Superior Court of a province.
Immunity:
A party may receive immunity from prosecution from the Director of Public Prosecutions if the party discloses to the Competition Bureau an offence not yet detected or provides evidence that warrants a referral  to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada and also provided that the party cooperates with the Bureau and any subsequent prosecution. 
Inquiry:
A formal process commenced when the Commissioner has reason to believe that an order has been contravened, grounds exist for the making of an order or an offence has been or is about to be committed, or on application under section 9 or when directed by the Minister and when he considers it necessary with a view to determining the facts. Initiating an inquiry allows the Commissioner to seek authorization from the Courts to use certain formal powers, for example, orders under section 11 of the Competition Act to compel persons to provide, under oath, testimony, records or written returns of information in furtherance of the inquiry.
Investigation:
A civil (non-merger) or criminal investigation under the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Textile Labelling Act or the Precious Metals Marking Act (includes inquiries).
Leniency:
A party may receive lenient treatment in sentencing (upon recommendation by the Competition Bureau to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada) if the party pleads guilty to a cartel offence(s) and agrees to cooperate with the investigation and any prosecution.
Market Study:
A study on the influences of consumer behaviour and the analysis of market characteristics and trends. It is designed to improve the Bureau's understanding of the effects of competition on the economy.
Merger Review:
A review of a merger transaction under the Competition Act.
Non-Complex Mergers:
Non-complex mergers are readily identifiable by the clear absence of competition issues, and include transactions where there is no or minimal overlap between parties, assuming properly defined product and geographic markets. Minimal overlap includes a combined post-merger market share of less than 10% in any relevant market.
Precious Metals Marking Act:
The Precious Metals Marking Act is a statute relating to the marking of articles containing precious metals.
Section 11 Order:
A section 11 order allows the Commissioner to obtain information from persons who have or are likely to have information that is relevant to a matter under inquiry pursuant to section 10 of the Competition Act
Textile Labelling Act:
The Textile Labelling Act is a statute relating to the labelling, sale, importation and advertising of consumer textile articles.
The Competition Advocate:
A short commentary, published periodically, that offers the Bureau's views on industries that may benefit from increased competition.
Written Opinions:
Written opinions are issued on the applicability of one or more provisions of the Competition Act or regulations to a proposed practice or conduct. They are binding on the Commissioner if all the material facts have been submitted, are accurate, and remain substantially unchanged. The Commissioner has the sole discretion to decline to issue a written opinion.
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