Under the criminal regime of the Competition Act as well as under the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Precious Metals Marking Act and the Textile Labelling Act, certain practices may be brought before the criminal courts, requiring proof of each element of the offence beyond a reasonable doubt. If the results of an investigation disclose evidence that, in the opinion of the Commissioner, provides the basis for a criminal prosecution, the matter may be referred to the Attorney General of Canada, who determines whether to undertake a prosecution.
Under the civil regime of the Competition Act, certain practices may be brought for review before the Competition Tribunal, the Federal Court or the superior court of a province. To establish a breach of these provisions, each element of the conduct must be proved on a balance of probabilities.
Court proceedings, judgments, court orders and consent agreements
This section contains links to the various courts where you can view the judgements, court orders and consent agreements related to cases involving the Bureau. It also contains summaries of judgments and orders issued by the courts including consent agreements filed with them for registration as well as matters currently before the courts.
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