Textile labelling

This guide provides an outline to the basic labelling requirements for consumer textile articles subject to the Textile Labelling Act and the Textile Labelling and Advertising Regulations. The objectives of the Act and the Regulations are to protect consumers against misrepresentation in the labelling and advertising of textile fibre products and to enable consumers to choose textiles on the basis of fibre content.

Unless a consumer textile article is exempt from the labelling requirements of the Act and Regulations, the dealer must ensure that a textile disclosure label meets the criteria detailed in all of the following sections:

On this page

Fibre Content

Online Forms

This page contains forms needed for various requests relating to the Competition Bureau. If you cannot find the appropriate form, we invite you to contact our Information Centre at 1-800-348-5358.

Labelling Corner

  • The Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act is a regulatory statute. It requires that prepackaged consumer products bear accurate and meaningful labelling information to help consumers make informed purchasing decisions.
  • The Textile Labelling Act is a regulatory statute. It requires that consumer textile articles bear accurate and meaningful labelling information to help consumers make informed purchasing decisions.
  • The Precious Metals Marking Act is a regulatory statute. It provides for the uniform description and quality marking of precious metals articles (articles made with gold, silver, platinum or palladium) to help consumers make informed purchasing decisions.

Multi-Media Tools

The Competition Bureau has developed multimedia tools to introduce specific topics to Canadian consumers and businesses.

The following examples have been provided to illustrate many of the common issues dealing with the declaration of fibre content on a label.

Velvet Dress (sections, findings, ornamentation, lining)

Dress Illusration

  1. findings: buttons, elastic inserted in wrist, interior shoulder pads, inside pocket
  2. ornamentation (metallic threads)
  3. finding: lining (not for warmth)
  4. sections (body, sleeves)
  5. pile fabric (velvet)
Example

The body and the sleeves of this dress are made of different fabrics (sectional disclosure). The body consists of a velvety material composed of an acetate pile on a rayon backing (pile fabric) with an overall pattern of metallic threads (ornamentation). The metallic threads make up less than 5% of the weight of the pile fabric. The sleeves are made of a polyester chiffon. The dress lining is made of rayon (lining, not for warmth). This article requires a permanent label.

Any of these fibre declarations would be acceptable

Note: The fibre content information must generally be bilingual.

Body:
Pile: 100% acetate
Backing: 100% rayon
exclusive of ornamentation
Sleeves:
100% polyester

Body:
60% rayon
40% acetate
exclusive of ornamentation
Sleeves:
100% polyester
Lining: 100% rayon

Body:
58% rayon
39% acetate
3% metallic
Sleeves:
100% polyester

Body:
58% rayon
39% acetate
3% other fibre
Sleeves:
100% polyester

For detailed information on each of the garment components in this example see the Fibre Content section.

Stretch Pants (elastic yarn)

Stretch Pants Illustration

  1. all cotton pants with trade-marked elastic yarn
Example

These pants are made of cotton with spandex (elastic yarn) throughout. The spandex makes up less than 5% of the weight of the pant fabric. The brand of spandex is Lycra. This article requires a permanent label.

Any of these fibre content declarations would be acceptable

Note: The fibre content information must generally be bilingual.

96% Cotton
4% Spandex

All cotton
exclusive of elastic

96% cotton
4% other fibre

96% Cotton
4% Lycra Spandex

100% cotton
exclusive of elastic

For more information on this type of garment see the Fibre Content section.

Jacket (findings, reinforcement yarn, lining, trimming, sections)

Textile Labelling: Jacket

  1. findings: zipper, elastic wrist bands, interior shoulder pads, inside pocket
  2. 100% cotton with reinforcement yarn
  3. lining for warmth
  4. trimming
Example

This jacket is made from a cotton shell which contains nylon to increase its strength (reinforcement yarn). The nylon yarn makes up less than 5% of the weight of the garment. The jacket has a zipper, elastic wrist bands, concealed pockets and shoulder pads (findings). The body is lined with wool which has been reprocessed (lining for warmth). Sleeves are lined with nylon (finding). There is a polyester applique on the front of the jacket which constitutes less than 15% of the outer surface of the jacket (trimming). This article requires a permanent label.

Any of these fibre declarations would be acceptable

Note: The fibre content information must generally be bilingual.

Outer Shell:
100% cotton
exclusive of reinforcement
and trimming
Lining:
100% reprocessed wool

Outer Shell:
96% cotton
4% nylon
exclusive of trimming
Lining:
100% reprocessed wool

Outer Shell:
96% cotton
4% other fibre
exclusive of trimming
Lining:
100% reprocessed wool

Outer Shell:
100% cotton
exclusive of reinforcement
Trimming:
100% polyester
Lining:
100% reprocessed wool

For detailed information on each of the garment components in this example see the Fibre Content section.

Sweater (large trimmings, mixed fibres)

Sweater Illustration

  1. mixed yarns
  2. trimming
Example

This sweater is composed of unknown exact amounts of wool, acrylic and nylon (mixed yarns). There is a large design which has been added to the sweater made of nylon and cotton fabric, each in an amount less than 15% of the outer surface area, but which, altogether add up to more than 15% (trimming). This article requires a permanent label.

This fibre content declaration would be acceptable

Note: The fibre content information must generally be bilingual.

100% Mixed yarns:
wool
acrylic
nylon
Trimmings:
100% nylon
100% cotton

For more information on this type of garment see the Fibre Content section.

Sofa (foam laminated fabric)

Couch Illustration

  1. foam laminated fabric
  2. non-permanent label
Example

This sofa is upholstered with a nylon fabric laminated to a polyurethane foam. The label on this article may be non-permanent.

Note that in some provinces upholstered or stuffed articles are regulated.

This fibre content declaration would be acceptable

Note: The fibre content information must generally be bilingual.

Face: 100% nylon
Back: 100% polyurethane

For detailed information on this type of textile article see the Fibre Content section.

Carpet (pile and backing)

Carpet Illustration

  1. pile and backing
Example

This carpet is made of wool with a backing of jute. It is cut to specification.

Note that the fibre content information may be declared on the invoice or other documentation given to the consumer, provided that the consumer has had an opportunity to view a properly labelled sample or swatch.

Any of these fibre content declarations would be acceptable

Note: The fibre content information must generally be bilingual.

Pile:
100% wool

All wool
exclusive of backing

100% wool
exclusive of backing
 

Pile:
100% wool
Back:
100% jute

For more information on carpeting products see the Fibre Content section.

Some dealers may wish to display non-required information on a textile disclosure label:

Some dealers may be interested in miscellaneous information related to other legislation:

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